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musca domestica

Profile

Order Family Common Name(s) Group Host
diptera muscidae house fly MED

Shown Resistance to Active Ingredient(s)

  1. abamectin (#2)
  2. acetamiprid (#2)
  3. azamethiphos (#4)
  4. azinphos-methyl
  5. BHC/cyclodienes - Unspecified In Literature
  6. bifenthrin (#6)
  7. bioresmethrin+PBO (#2)
  8. Carbamates - Unspecified in Literature
  9. chlorpyrifos (#10)
  10. chlorpyrifos-methyl
  11. cyfluthrin (#13)
  12. cyfluthrin-beta (#4)
  13. cyhalothrin-lambda (#8)
  14. cypermethrin (#23)
  15. cypermethrin-beta (#2)
  16. cyphenothrin (#9)
  17. cyromazine (#12)
  18. DDT (#5)
  19. deltamethrin (#16)
  20. diazinon (#6)
  21. dichlorvos (#11)
  22. dieldrin
  23. diflubenzuron (#3)
  24. dimethoate (#12)
  25. emamectin benzoate (#2)
  26. endosulfan (#4)
  27. esfenvalerate
  28. ethion
  29. fenitrothion (#5)
  30. fenvalerate (#3)
  31. fipronil (#9)
  32. imidacloprid (#9)
  33. indoxacarb (#7)
  34. lindane
  35. lufenuron (#7)
  36. malathion
  37. methomyl (#12)
  38. methoprene
  39. methoxychlor (#4)
  40. methoxyfenozide (#4)
  41. mevinphos
  42. naled
  43. nitenpyram (#2)
  44. Organophosphates - Unspecified In Literature
  45. parathion-methyl (#2)
  46. permethrin (#34)
  47. phenothrin
  48. phoxim
  49. profenofos (#9)
  50. propetamphos
  51. propoxur (#3)
  52. pyrethrins (#8)
  53. pyrethrins + PB
  54. Pyrethroids - Unspecified In Literature (#10)
  55. pyrethrum + PBO
  56. pyriproxyfen (#7)
  57. resmethrin (#5)
  58. ronnel (#18)
  59. spinosad (#6)
  60. tetrachlorvinphos Z-isomer (#17)
  61. tetramethrin
  62. thiamethoxam (#42)
  63. triazophos (#4)
  64. trichlorfon (#2)

Citation(s) of Resistance

# Citation
1 Pospischil, R., K. Szomm, M. Londershausen, I. Schroder, A. Turberg, and R. Fuchs. (1996). Multiple Resistance in the Larger House Fly musca domestica in Germany. Pesticide Resistance, 48 333-341.
2 Scott, J.G. and Z. Wen. (1997). Toxicity of Fipronil to Susceptible and resistant strains of German Cockroaches (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae) and House flies (Diptera: Muscidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 90(5) 1152-1156.
3 Learmount, J. (1994). Selection of Houseflies (Diptera: Muscidae) with a Pyrethroid Space Spray using a large scale laboratory method. Journal of Economic Entomology, 87(4) 894-898.
4 Bull, D.L., and G. Xu. (1995). Characteristics of Methyl Parathion Resistance in House Fly Larvae. Journal of Economic Entomology, 88(1) 27-32.
5 Shono, T., and J.G. Scott. (1990). Autosomal Sex-Associated Pyrethroid Resistance in a Strain of House Fly (Diptera: Muscidae) with a Male-Determining Factor on Chromosome Three. Journal of Economic Entomology, 83(3) 686-689.
6 Scott, J.G., G.P. Georghiou. (1985). Rapid Developmentt of High-Level Permethrin Resistance in a Field-collected Strain of the House Fly (Diptera:Muscidae) Under Laboratory Selection. Journal of Economic Entomology, 78 316-319.
7 Iseki, A., and G.P. Georghiou. (1986). Toxicity of Cyromazine to Strains of the Housefly (Diptera: Muscidae) Variously Resistant to Insecticides. Journal of Economic Entomology, 79 1192-1195.
8 Bloomcamp, C.L., R.S. Patterson, and P.G. Koehler. (1987). Cyromazine Resistance in the House Fly (Diptera: Muscidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 80 352-357.
9 Shen, J., and F.W. Plapp Jr. (1990). Cyromazine Resistance in the house fly (Diptera: Muscidae): genetics and cross-resistance to diflubenzuron. Journal of Economic Entomology, 83(5) 1689-1697.
10 Siato, K., N. Motoyama, and W.C. Dauterman. (1991). Studies on the Resistance to Various Insecticides of a House Fly Strain (Diptera: Muscidae) Selected with Azamethiphos. Journal of Economic Entomology, 84(6) 1635-1637.
11 Shepard, D.C., D.M. Gaydon, and R.W. Miller. (1992). Resistance to House Flies selected with 5.0 PPM Feed-through Cyromazine. J.Agric. Entomol., 9(4) 257-260.
12 Kristensen, M., A.G. Spencer, and J.B. Jespersen. (2001). The status and development of insecticide resistance in Danish populations of the housefly Musca domestica L.. Pest Manag Sci, 57 82-89.
13 Learmount, J., P. Chapman, and A. Macnicoll. (2002). Impact of an insecticide resistance Strategy for house fly (Diptera: Muscidae) control in intensive animal units in the United Kingdom. Journal of Economic Entomology, 95(6) 1245-1250.
14 Liu, N. and X. Yue. (2000). Insecticide resistance and cross-resistance in the house fly (Diptera: Muscidae). J. Econ. Entomol., 93(4) 1269-1275.
15 Shono, T., and J.G. Scott. (2003). Spinosad resistance in the housefly, Musca domestica, is due to a recessive factor on autosome 1. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 75(1) 1-7.
16 Kaufman, P.E., J.G. Scott, and D.A. Rutz. (2001). Monitoring insecticide resistance in house flies (Diptera: Muscidae) from New York daries.. Pest Managment Science, 57 514-521.
17 Shono, T., L. Zhang, and J.G. Scott. (2004). Indoxacarb resistance in the house fly, Musca domestica. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 80(2) 106-112.
18 Kristensen, M., J.B. Jespersen, and M. Knorr. (2004). Cross-resistance potential of fipronil in Musca domestica. Pest Management Science, 60 894-900.
19 Bailey, D.L., G.C. LaBrecque, and T.L. Whitfield. (1970). Resistance of House Flies (Diptera: Muscidae) To Dimethoate and Ronnel in Florida.. The Florida Entomologist, 53(1) 1-5.
20 Scott, J.G., T.G. Alefantis, P.E. Kaufman, and D.A. Rutz. (2000). Insecticide resistance in house flies from caged-layer poultry facilities.. Pest Management Science, 56 147-153.
21 Hamm, R.L., Shono, T., Scott, J.G. (2005). A Cline in Frequency of Autosomal Males Is Not Associated with Insecticide Resistance in House Fly (Diptera: Muscidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 98(1) 171-176.
22 Harris, C. R., Turnbull, S. A. and Whistlecraft, J. W. (1982). Multiple resistance shown by filed strains of house fly, Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) to organochlorine, organophosphours, carbamate, and pyrethroid insecticides.. Can. Entomologist., 114 447-54.
23 Davis, M., Keiding, J. and Von Hofsten, C. G. (1958). Reesistance to pyrethrins and to pyrethrins-piperonyl butoxide in a wild strain of Musca domestica L.. in Sweden. Nature (Lond)., 182 1816-17.
24 Denholm, I., Farnham, A. W., O'Dell, K. and Sawicki, R. M. (1983). Factors affecting resistance to insecticides in house-flies, Musca domeestica L.(Diptera: Muscidae). I. Long-term control with bioresmethrin of flies with strong pyrethroid-resistance potential.. Bull. Ent. Res., 73 481-489.
25 Funaki, E., Tabaru, Y. and Motoyama, N. (1986). Current status of pyrethroid resistance in the house fly in Kanto area.. J. Pestic. Sci., 11 261-266.
26 Horton, D. L., Sheppard, D. C., Nolan, M. P., Ottens, R. J. and Joyce, J. A. (1985). House fly, Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) resistance to permethrin in Georgia, USA, caged layer poultry operation.. J. Agric. Entomol., 2 196-199.
27 Keiding, J. (1974). Insecticide resistance in houseflies.. Gov. Pest. Infest. Lab. Annu. Rep. (Denmark)., 73 33-43.
28 Keiding, J. (1980). Insecticide resistance in houseflies.. Gov. Pest Infest. Lab. Annu. Rep. (Denmark)., 79 33-45.
29 Kunast, C. (1979). Die Entwicklung der Permethrinesistenz bei der Stubenfliege (Musca domestica L.) im suddeutschen Raum.. J. Angew. Zool., 25 385-90.
30 Markkula, M. and Kurppa, S. (1985). Resistance of insects and mites to pesticides in Finland.. Ann. Agric. Fenn., 24 161-174.
31 Meyer, J. A., Georghiou, G. P. and Hawley, M. K. (1987). House fly (Diptera: Muscidae) resistance to permethrin on southern California dairies.. J. Econ. Entomol., 80 636-640.
32 Solomon, K.R. and Harris, C.R. (1981). Housefly resistance to pyrethroids.. Paper presented at the North Central Branch meeting of the Entomol. Soc. of Am. (personal communication).
33 Szabo, L. (1987). Insecticide resistance of houseflies (Musca domestica) on pig farms.. Magy Allatorv Lapja, 42 531-536.
34 WHO 1986. (1986).
35 Wiesmann, R. (1947). Untersuchungen uber das physiologische verhalten von Musca domestica L.. verschiedener proveniezen. Schweiz. Ent. Gesell. Mitt., 20 484-504.
36 Acevedo Roca, C., Zapater, M., and Toloza Ceferino, A. (2009). Insecticide resistance of house fly, Musca domestica (L.) from Argentina. Parasitology Research, 105 489-493.
37 Kaufman, P.E., Nunez, S.C., Mann, R.S., Geden, C.J., Scharf, M.E. (2010). Nicotinoid and pyrethroid insecticide resistance in houseflies (Diptera: Muscidae) collected from Florida Dairies. Pest Management Science, 66 290-294.
38 Kaufman, P.E., Nunez, S.C., Geden, C.J., Scharf, M.E. (2010). Selection for Resistance to Imidacloprid in the House Fly (Diptera: Muscidae). Veterinary Entomology, 103 1937-1942.
39 M.M. Akiner, S.S. Caglar. (2005). The status and seasonal changes of the organophosphate and pyrethroid resistance in Turkish populations of the house fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera:Muscidae). Journal of Vector Ecology , 31 426-432.
40 Levot, G.W., Hughes, P.B. (1989). Insecticide Resistance in Flies (Diptera: Muscidae) from Poultry Farms. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 28 87-91.
41 Marcon, P.C.R.G., Thomas, G.D., Siegried, B.D., Campbell. J.B., Skoda, S.R. (2003). Resistance Status of House Flies (Diptera: Muscidae) from Southeastern Nebraska Beef Cattle Feedlots to Selected Insecticides. Journal of Economic Entomology, 96 1016-1020.
42 Kristensen M., and Jespersen J. B. (2003). Larvicide Resistance in Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) Populations in Denmark and Establishment of Resistant Laboratory Strains. Journal of Economic Entomology, 96 (4) 1300-1306.
43 Kristensen M., and Jespersen J. B. (2003). Larvicide Resistance in Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) Populations in Denmark and Establishment of Resistant Laboratory Strains. Journal of Economic Entomology, 96 (4) 1300-1306.
44 Kristensen M., and Jespersen J. B. (2008). Susceptibility to thiamethoxam of Musca domestica from Danish livestock farms. Pest Management Science, 64 126-132.
45 Shi, J., Zhang, L., and Gao, X. (2011). Characterisation of spinosad resistance in the housefly Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae). Pest Management Science, 67 335-340.
46 Wang, Q., Li, M., Pan, J., Di, M., Liu, Q., Meng, F., Scott, G S., and Qiu, Xinghui. (2012). Diversity and frequencies of genetic mutations involved in insecticide resistance in field populations of the house fly (Musca domestica L.) from China. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 102 153-159.
47 Li, J., Wang, Q., Zhang, L., Gao, X. (2012). Characterization of imidacloprid resistance in the housefly Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae). Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 102 109-114.
48 Pezzi, M., Lanfredi, M., Chicca, M., Tedeschi, P., Brandolini, V., and Lies, M. (2011). Perliminary Evaluation of Insecticide Resistance in a Strain of Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) from an Intensive Chicken Farm of Northern Italy. Journal of Environmental and Health, 46 480-485.
49 Pezzi, M., Lanfredi, M., Chicca, M., Tedeschi, P., Brandolini, V., and Lies, M. (2011). Preliminary Evaluation of Insecticide Resistance in a Strain of Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) from an Intensive Chicken Farm of Northern Italy. Journal of Environmental and Health, 46 480-485.
50 Khan, H. A. A., Akram, W., and Shad, S. A. (2013). Resistance to conventional insecticides in Pakistani populations of Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae): a potential ectoparasite of dairy animals. Ecotoxicology, 22 522-527.
51 Kuyucu, C. A., and Çağlar, S. S. (2013). Effects of artificial migration of susceptible individuals on resistance and fitness of a fenitrothion-resistant strain of Musca domestica (L.) Diptera. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 37 601-609.
52 Zhang, L., Gao, X., and Liang, P. (2007). Beta-cypermethrin resistance associated with high carboxylesterase activities in a strain of house fly, Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae). Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 89 65-72.
53 Khan, H.A.A., Akram, W., Ali Shad, S. (2014). Genetics, cross-resistance and mechanism of resistance to spinosad in a field strain of Musca domestica L.(Diptera:Muscidae). Acta Tropica, 130 148-154.
54 Abbas, N., Azhar, H., Khan, A., Ali Shad, S. (2014). Cross-resistance, genetics, and realized heritability of resistance to fipronil in the house fly, Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae): a potential vector for disease transmission. Parasitology Research, 113 1343-1352.
55 Kavi, L.A.K., Kaufman, P., Scott, J. (2014). Genetics and mechanisms of imidacloprid resistance in house flies. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 109 64-69.
56 Abbas, N., Azhar, H., Khan, A., and Ali Shad, S. (2014). Resistance of the house fly Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) to lambda-cyhalothrin: mode of inheritance, realized heritability, and cross-resistance to other insecticides. Ecotoxicology.
57 Shah, R. M., Abbas, N., Ali Shad, S., and Sial, A. A. (2014). Selection, resistance risk assessment, and reversion toward susceptibility of pyriproxyfen in Musca domestica L.. Journal of Parasitology Research, 113.
58 Mustafa Shah, R., Abbas, N., Ali Shad, S., and Varloud, M. (2015). Inheritance mode, cross-resistance and realized heritability of pyriproxyfen resistance in a field strain of Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae). Acta Tropica, 142 149-155.
59 Abbas, N., Khan, H., and Ali Shad, S. (2014). Cross-Resistance, stability, and fitness cost of resistance to imidacloprid in Musca domestica L., (Diptera: Muscidae). Parasitology Research.
60 Ali Khan, H., Akram, W., and Haider, M. (2015). Genetics and mechanism of resistance to deltamethrin in the house fly, Musca domestica L., from Pakistan. Ecotoxicology, 24(6) 1213-1220.
61 Abbas, N., Crickmore, N., and Ali Shad, S. (2015). Efficacy of insecticide mixtures against a resistant strain of house fly (Diptera: Muscidae) collected from a poultry farm. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 35 (1) 48-53.
62 Shah, R.M., Ali Shad, S., and Abbas, N. (2015). Mechanism, stability and fitness cost of resistance to pyriproxyfen in the house fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Musciade). Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 119 67-73.
63 Abbas, N., Ijaz, M, Shad, S.A., and Khan, H. (2015). Stability of Field-Selected Resistance to Conventional and Newer Chemistry Insecticides in the House Fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae). Neotropical Entomology, 44(4) 402-409.
64 Shah, R.M., Abbas, N., and Ali Shad, S. (2015). Assessment of resistance risk in Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae) to methoxyfenozide. Acta Tropica, 149 32-37.
65 Ali Khan, H.A., Akram, W., Iqbal, J., and Naeem-UIllah, U. (2015). Thiamethoxam Resistance in the House Fly, Musca domestica L.: Current Status, Resistance Selection, Cross-Resistance Potential and Possible Biochemical Mechanisms. PLOSone, 10(5) e0125850.
66 Abbas, N., Shad, S., and Ismail, M. (2015). Resistance to Conventional and New Insecticides in House Flies (Diptera: Muscidae) From Poultry Facilities in Punjab, Pakistan. Journal of Economic Entomology, 1-8.
67 Khan, H., Akram, W., and Iqbal, N. (2015). Selection and Preliminary Mechanism of Resistance to Profenofos in Field Strain of Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) from Pakistan. Journal of Medical Entomology , 52 1013-1017.
68 Abbas, N. and Shad, S. (0000). Assessment of resistance risk to lambda-cyhalothrin and cross-resistance to four other insecticides in the house fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae). Parasitology Research, 114 2629-2637.
69 Ong, S., Ahmad, H., Jaal, Z., and Che Rus, A. (2015). Comparative Effectiveness of Insecticides for Use Against the House Fly (Diptera:Muscidae): Determination of Resistance Levels on a Malaysian Poultry Farm. Journal of Economic Entomology 1-8.
70 Khan, H., Akram, W., Khan, T., Haider, M., Iqbal, N., and Zubair, M. (2016). Risk assessment, cross-resistance potential, and biochemical mechanism of resistance to emamectin benzoate in field strain of house fly (Musca domestica Linnaeus). Chemosphere, 151 133-137.
71 Khan, H., Akram, W., Arshad, M., and Hafeez, F. (2016). Toxicity and resistance of field collected Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) against insect growth regulator insecticides. Parasitology Research, 115 1385-1390.
72 Abbas, N., Ijaz, M., Shad, S., and Binyameen, M. (2016). Assessment of resistance risk to fipronil and cross resistance to other insecticides in the Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae). Veterinary Parasitology, 223 71-76.
73 Shah, R., Shad, S., and Abbas, N. (2017). Methoxyfenozide resistance of the housefly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae): cross-resistance patterns, stability and associated fitness costs. Pest Management Science, 73 254-261.
74 Zhang, Y., Wang, Y., Ma, Z., Zhaia, D., Gao, X., and Shi, X. (2019). Cytochrome P450 monooxygenases-mediated sex-differential spinosad resistance in house flies Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) . Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology.
75 Khan, H. A A. (2019). Characterization of permethrin resistance in a Musca domestica strain: resistance development, cross-resistance potential and realized heritability. Pest Managment Science, Early View.

Location(s) Where Resistance is Reported

# Location

Other Reference

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