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Reported Resistance Case(s)

Species: musca domestica

Order Family Common Name(s) Group Host
diptera muscidae house fly MED

Active Ingredient: spinosad

MOA: Nicotinic Acetylcholine receptor agonists (allosteric), Spinosyns
Group: SPIN CAS #: 131929-60-7 Shaugnessy Code: 110003

Resistance Case(s)

Case Id Year of Report Type of Resistance Location Reference
G20044 2019
Lab selected after field-evolved resistance**

China Zhang, Y., Wang, Y., Ma, Z., Zhaia, D., Gao, X., and Shi, X. (2019). Cytochrome P450 monooxygenases-mediated sex-differential spinosad resistance in house flies Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) . Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology.
G19763 2017
Lab selected*

Pakistan--
Punjab--
Multan
Shah, R., Shad, S., and Abbas, N. (2017). Methoxyfenozide resistance of the housefly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae): cross-resistance patterns, stability and associated fitness costs. Pest Management Science, 73 254-261.
G16072 2014
Lab selected*

Lab selected after field-evolved resistance**

Pakistan--
Punjab--
Lahore
Khan, H.A.A., Akram, W., Ali Shad, S. (2014). Genetics, cross-resistance and mechanism of resistance to spinosad in a field strain of Musca domestica L.(Diptera:Muscidae). Acta Tropica, 130 148-154.
G13190 2011 Field Evolved Resistance
China--
Beijing
Shi, J., Zhang, L., and Gao, X. (2011). Characterisation of spinosad resistance in the housefly Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae). Pest Management Science, 67 335-340.
G7078 2003 Unspecified
USA Shono, T., and J.G. Scott. (2003). Spinosad resistance in the housefly, Musca domestica, is due to a recessive factor on autosome 1. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 75(1) 1-7.
G5978 2003 Unspecified
USA--
New York
Shono, T., and J.G. Scott. (2003). Spinosad resistance in the housefly, Musca domestica, is due to a recessive factor on autosome 1. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 75(1) 1-7.
*The population was created solely by selection and/or genetic manipulation.
**The population was selected further in the laboratory after collection.