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plutella xylostella

Profile

Order Family Common Name(s) Group Host
lepidoptera plutellidae diamond-back moth AG crucifers, nasturtium

Shown Resistance to Active Ingredient(s)

  1. abamectin (#81)
  2. acephate (#5)
  3. acetamiprid
  4. aldrin
  5. avermectin
  6. Bacillus thuringiensis (var. unspecified) (#34)
  7. Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Aa
  8. Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab (#2)
  9. Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac (#9)
  10. Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ca (#8)
  11. Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Da (#2)
  12. Bacillus thuringiensis CryIAa
  13. Bacillus thuringiensis crystal CryIC
  14. Bacillus thuringiensis HD73 spore/crystal (#2)
  15. Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki HD-1 (#3)
  16. Bacillus thuringiensis var. aizawai (#4)
  17. Bacillus thuringiensis var. aizawai ATTC SD-1372
  18. Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis (#2)
  19. Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki (#20)
  20. Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki (Javelin) (#3)
  21. BHC/cyclodienes - Unspecified In Literature
  22. bifenthrin (#15)
  23. carbaryl (#5)
  24. carbofuran
  25. cartap (#10)
  26. chlorantraniliprole (#64)
  27. chlorfenapyr (#19)
  28. chlorfluazuron (#30)
  29. chlorpyrifos (#27)
  30. chlorpyrifos-methyl (#2)
  31. cyanofenphos (#2)
  32. cyanophos
  33. cyantraniliprole (#6)
  34. cyhalothrin
  35. cyhalothrin-lambda (#20)
  36. cypermethrin (#44)
  37. cypermethrin-beta (#89)
  38. DDT (#11)
  39. deltamethrin (#37)
  40. deltamethrin + DEF (#2)
  41. deltamethrin + PBO (#2)
  42. dialifos
  43. diazinon (#7)
  44. dichlorvos (#5)
  45. dieldrin (#2)
  46. diflubenzuron
  47. dimethoate
  48. dioxabenzofos
  49. emamectin benzoate (#14)
  50. endosulfan (#6)
  51. EPN
  52. esfenvalerate (#7)
  53. fenitrothion (#3)
  54. fenvalerate (#7)
  55. fipronil (#30)
  56. flubendiamide (#23)
  57. flucythrinate
  58. flupyradifurone
  59. fufenozide (#2)
  60. indoxacarb (#72)
  61. isobenzan
  62. isoprocarb
  63. isoxathion
  64. leptophos (#2)
  65. lindane (#3)
  66. lufenuron (#2)
  67. malathion (#10)
  68. mephosfolan
  69. metaflumizone (#13)
  70. methamidophos (#15)
  71. methidathion
  72. methomyl (#9)
  73. mevinphos (#4)
  74. monocrotophos
  75. monosultap (#15)
  76. naled
  77. novaluron (#4)
  78. parathion (#4)
  79. parathion-methyl (#6)
  80. permethrin (#24)
  81. phenthoate (#4)
  82. phosphamidon
  83. phoxim (#14)
  84. pirimiphos-methyl
  85. profenofos (#19)
  86. propoxur
  87. prothiofos (#2)
  88. Pyrethroids - Unspecified In Literature (#2)
  89. pyridalyl (#3)
  90. quinalphos (#2)
  91. resmethrin
  92. Spinetoram (#7)
  93. spinosad (#59)
  94. tau-fluvalinate
  95. tebufenozide (#8)
  96. teflubenzuron (#3)
  97. tervecmectin A
  98. thiocyclam (#4)
  99. triazophos (#18)
  100. trichlorfon (#2)
  101. triflumuron

Citation(s) of Resistance

# Citation
1 Hen, H., K. Suzuki, and H. Tanaka,. (1992). Inheritance and Stability of Resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis Formulations of the Diamondback Moth, Plutella xylostells (Linnaeus) (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae)1. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 27(3) 355-362.
2 Iqbal, M., R.H.J. Verkerk, M.J. Furlong, P.C. Ong, S.A., Rahman, and D.J., Wright. (1995). Evidence for Resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) subsp. kurstaki HD-1, Bt subsp. aizawai and Abamectin in Field Populations of Plutella xylostella from Malaysia. pesticide science, 48 89-97.
3 Iqbal, M., and D.J. Wright. (1997). Evaluation of resistance, cross-resistance and synergism of abamectin and teflubenzon in a multi-resistant field population of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 87 481-486.
4 Perez, C.J., J.D. Tang, and A.M. Shelton. (1997). Comparison of Leaf-Dip and Diet Bioassays for Monitoring Bacillus thuringiensis resistance in field populations of diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 90(1) 94-101.
5 Perez, C.J., and A.M. Shelton. (1997). Resistance of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) to Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner in Central America. Journal of Economic Entomology, 90(1) 87-93.
6 Perez, C.J., A.M. Shelton, and R.T. Roush. (1997). Managing Diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) Resistance to Foliar Applications of Bacillus thuringiensis Testing Strategies in Field Cages. Journal of Economic Entomology, 90(5) 1462-1470.
7 Tang, J.D., H.L. Collins, R. T. Roush, T.D. Metz, E.D. Earle, and A.M. Shelton. (1999). Survival Weight Gain, and Oviposition of Resistant and Susceptible Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) on Brocolli Expressing Cry1Ac Toxin of Bacillus thuringiensis. Journal of Economic Entomology, 92(1) 47-55.
8 Zhao, J.Z., and E. Grafius. (1993). Assessment of Different Bioassay Techniques for Resistance monitoring in the Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 86(4) 995-1000.
9 Shelton, A.M., J.L. Robertson, J.D. Tang, C. Perez, S.D. Eigenbrode, H.K. Preisler, W.T. Wilsey, and R.J. Cooley. (1993). Resistance of Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) to Bacillus thuringiensis Subspecies in the Field. Journal of Economic Entomology, 86(3) 697-705.
10 Yu, S.J. (1993). Inheritance of Insecticide Resistance and Microsomal Oxidases in the Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 86(3) 680-683.
11 Shelton, A.M., J.A. Wyman, N.L. Cushing, K. Applebeck, T.J. Dennehy, S.E.R. Mahr, and S.D. Eigenbrode. (1993). Insecticide resistance of Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) in North America. Journal of Economic Entomology, 86(1) 11-19.
12 Kao, C.-H., C.-F. Hung, and C.-N. Sun. (1989). Parathion and Methyl Parathion Resistance in Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera:Plutellidae) Larvae. Journal of Economic Entomology, 82(5) 1299-1304.
13 Tabashnik, B.E., N. Finson, and M.W. Johnson. (1991). Managing Resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis: Lessons from the Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 84(1) 49-55.
14 Liu, Y.B., B.E. Tabashnik, and M. Pusztai-Carey. (1996). Field-Evolved resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis Toxin CryIC in Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera:Plutellidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 89(4) 798-804.
15 Magaro, J.J., and J.V. Edelson. (1990). Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) in South Texas: A technique for resistance monitoring in the field. Journal of Economic Entomology, 83(4) 1201-1206.
16 Tabashnik, B.E., N.L. Cushing, and M.W. Johnson. (1987). Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) Resistance to Insecticides in Hawaii: Intra-Island Variation and Cross-Resistance. Journal of Economic Entomology, 80(6) 1091-1099.
17 Perng, F.S., M.C. Yao, C.F. Hung, and C.N. Sun. (1988). Teflubenzuron Resistance in Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 81 1277-1282.
18 Perez, C.J., and A.M. Shelton. (1996). Field Applications, Leaf Dip, and Diet Incorporated Diagnostic Assays used against Bacillus thuringiensis-Susceptible and resistant diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 89(6) 1364-1371.
19 Ferre, J., M.D. Real, J. Van Rie, S. Jansens, and M. Peferoen. (1991). Resistance to the Bacillus thuringiensis bioinsecticide in a field population of Plutella xylostella is due to a change in a midgut membrane receptor. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, U.S.A., 88 5119-5123.
20 Yu, S.J., and S.N. Nguyen. (1992). Detection and Biochemical Characterization of Insecticide Resistance in the Diamondback Moth. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 44 74-81.
21 Zhao, J.Z., G.D. Thompson, A.M. Shelton, et al. (2002). Monitoring and Characterization of Diamond Back Moth Resistance to Spinosad. Journal Economic Ent., 95(2) 430-436.
22 Shelton, A.M., F.V. Sances, J. Hawley, J.D. Tang, M. Boune, D. Jungers, H.L. Collins, and J. Farias. (2000). Assessment of insecticide resistance after the outbreak of Diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) in California in 1997. J. Econ. Entomol., 93(3) 931-936.
23 Mohan, M., and G.T. Gujar. (2003). Local variation in suseptibility of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (Linaeus) to insecticides and roloe of detoxification enzymes.. Crop Protection, 22 495-504.
24 Sayyed, A.H., D. Omar, and D.J. Wright. (2004). Genetics of Spinosad resistance in a multi-resistant field-selected population of Plutella xyostella. Pest Managment Science, 60 827-832.
25 Baker, G.J., and J. Kovaliski. (1999). Detection of insecticide resistance in Plutella xylostella (L.) (Ledpidoptera: Plutellidae) populations in South Australian crucifer crops.. Australian Journal of Entomology, 38:132- 38:132-.
26 Sayyed, A. S., and D.J. Wright. (2004). Fipronil Resistance in the Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae): Inheritance and Number of Genes Involved. Journal of Economic Entomology, 97(6) 2043-2050.
27 Ninsin, K.D. (2004). Selection for resistance to acetamiprid and various other insecticides in the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lep., Plutellidae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 128(6) 445-451.
28 Ninsin, K.D. (2004). Acetamiprid resistance and cross-resistance in the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella.. Pest Management Science, 60 839-841.
29 Perez, C.J., P. Alvarado, C. Narvaez, F. Miranda, L. Hernandez, H. Vanegas, A. Hruska, and A.M. Shelton. (2000). Assessment of Insecticide Resistance in Five Insect Pests Attacking Field and Vegetable Crops in Nicaragua. Journal of Economic Entomolgy, 93(6) 1779-1787.
30 Sayyed, A.H., Crickmore, N., Wright, D.J. (2001). Cyt1Aa from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis Is Toxic to the Diamondback Moth, Plutella xylostella, and Synergizes the Activity of Cry 1Ac towards a Resistant Strain. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 67(12) 5859-5861.
31 Mohan, M., Gujar, G.T. (2002). Geographical variation in larval susceptibility of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) to Bacillus thuringiensis spore-crystal mixtures and purified crystal proteins and associated resistance development in India. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 92 489-498.
32 Sayyed, A.H., Naveed, M., Attique, R., Khaliq, A., Wright, D.J. (2005). Inheritance of resistance and cross-resistance to deltamethrin in Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) from Pakistan. Pest Management Science, 61 636-642.
33 Sayyed, A.H., Attique, M.N.R., Khaliq, A. (2005). Stability of field-selected resistance to insecticides in Plutella xylostella (Lep., Plutellidae) from Pakistan. Journal of Applied Entomology, 129 (9/10) 542.
34 Zhao, J.Z., Collins, H.L., Li, Y.X., Mau, R.F.L., Thompson, G.D., Hertlein, M., Andaloro, J.T., Boykin, R., Shelton, A.M. (2006). Monitoring of Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) Resistance to Spinosad, Indoxacarb, and Emamectin Benzoate. Journal of Economic Entomology, 99(1) 176-181.
35 Sayyed, A.H., Wright, D.J. (2001). Cross-resistance and inheritance of resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis toxin Cry1Ac in diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella L) from lowland Malaysia. Pest Management Science, 57 413-421.
36 Hama, H. (1983). Insecticide resistance of the diamondback moth.. Shokubutsu-Boeki., 37 431-76.
37 Hama, H. (1987). Development of pyrethroid resistance in the diamondback moth.. Plutella xylostella Linn (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae). Appl. Entomol. Zool., 22 166-175.
38 Ankersmit, G. W. (1953). DDT resistance in Plutella maculipennis (Curt.) (Lep.) in Java.. Bull. Entomol. Res., 44 421-25.
39 Asakawa, M. (1975). Insecticide resistance in agricultural insect pests of Japan.. Jpn. Pestic. Inf., 23 5-8.
40 Barroga 1974. (1974).
41 Cermeli, M. (1968). In: FAO 1969.
42 Chawla, R. P. and Kalra, R. L. (1976). Studies on insecticide resistance in Plutella xylostella L.. (Diamond back moth). Indian Plant Prot. J., 4 170-80.
43 Cheng, E. Y., Chou, T. M. and Kao, C. H. (1985). Insecticide resistance study in Plutella xylostella.. J. Agric. Res. China., 34 96-104.
44 Cheng, E. Y., Kao, C. H., Lin, D. F. and Tsai, T. C. (1986). Insecticide resistance study in Plutella xylostella (L.): the specificity of oxidative detoxication mechanism in larval stage.. J. Agric. Res. China., 35 375-386.
45 (1967). Report of the First Session of the FAO Working Party of Experts on Resistance of Pests to Pesticides.. FAO, Rome 1965.
46 (1969). Report of the Fourth Session of the FAO Working Party of Experts on Resistance of Pests to Pesticides.. FAO, Rome 1968.
47 Fernando, H. E. 1965. (1965). In: FAO 1967.
48 Henderson, F. C. (1957). Insecticidal control of the diamondback moth (Plutella maculipennis Curt.) on cabbages at Cameron Highlands.. Malay Agric. J., 40 275-79.
49 Herve, J.J. (1980). Personal communication.
50 Ho, S. H., Lee, B. H. and Lee, D. (1983). Toxicity of deltamethrin and cypermethrin to the larvae of the diamond-back moth, Plutella xylostella.. Toxicology Letters., 19 127-31.
51 Iwata, T. (1974). Communication to FAO.
52 Kiritani, K. (1974). Communication to FAO.
53 Lim, G. S. (1974). Integrated pest control in developing countries of Asia.. Paper presented at the SCOPE-UNEP Sump. Environ. Sci. in Developing Countries, Nairobi, Feb., 13 1974.
54 Liu, M.-Y., Tzeng, Y.-J. and Sun, C.-N. (1981). Diamondback moth resistance to several synthetic pyrethroids.. J. Econ. Entomol., 74 393-96.
55 Liu, M. Y., Sun, C. N. and Huang, S. W. (1982). Absence of synergism of DDT by piperonyl butoxide and DMC in larve of the diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae).. J. Econ. Entomol., 75 964-965.
56 Lopez, A. S. (1990). Susceptibilidad a insecticidas en la palomilla dorso de diamante Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae) Procedente de Chapingo y dos localidades de la region horticola del Bajio.. Tesis de Maestria, Centro de Entomologia y Acarologia, Montecillo, Mexico.
57 Ma, L.F. (1965). In: FAO 1967.
58 Miyata, T., Kawai, H. and Saito, T. (1982). Insecticide resistance in the diamond back moth, Plutella xylostella L.. (Lepidooptera: Yponomeutidae). Appl. Entomol. Zool., 17 539-42.
59 Miyata, T., Sinchaisri, N., Sayampol, B., Rushtapakornchai, W. and Vattanatangum, A. (1988). Toxicological experiments: Insecticide resistance patterns.. Report meeting of the joint research project. Insect toxicological studies on resistance to insecticides and integrated control of the diamondback moth. March 1988, Bangkok, Thailand..
60 Naylor, A. (1965). In: FAO 1967.
61 Noppun, V., Miyata, T. and Saito, T. (1983). Susceptibility of four strains of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L., against insecticides.. J. Pestic. Sci., 8 595-99.
62 Oka, I.N. (1983). Personal comunication.
63 Sudderuddin, K. I. And Kok, P.-F. (1978). Insecticide resistance in Plutella xylsotella collected from the Cameron Highlands of Malaysia.. FAO Plant Prot. Bull., 26 53-57.
64 Sun 1981. (1981).
65 Sun, C.-N., Wu, T. K., Chen, J. S. and Lee, W. T. (1985). Insecticide resistance in diamondback moth.. Proc. First Intern. Workshop Diamondback Moth Management. ACRDC pub., Shanhua, Taiwan, pp. 359-71.
66 Tang, Z. H., Gong, K. Y. and You, Z. P. (1988). Present status and countermeasures of insecticide resistance in agricultural pests in China.. Pestic. Sci., 23 189-198.
67 Vattanatangum, A. (1988). Recent problems on chemical control of Thailand agricultural insect pests related to insecticide resistance of diamondback moth and other major species.. Report meeting of the joint research project ""Insect toxicological studies on resistance to insecticides and integrated control of the diamondback moth."" March 1988. Bangkok, Thailand..
68 Verma, A. N. and Sandhu, G. S. (1968). Chemical control of diamondback moth, Plutella maculipennis (Curtis).. Jour. Res., 5 420-23.
69 Verma, A. N., Verma, N. D. and Khurana, A. D. (1972). Chemical control of diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) infesting cauliflower in Haryana.. Indian J. Ent., 34 206-212.
70 Anon. 1974i. (1974).
71 Anon. 1974j. (1974).
72 Alam 1974c. (1974).
73 Cao, G., and H. Zhaojun. (2006). Tebufenozide resistance selected in Plutella xylostella and its cross-resistance and fitness cost.. Pest Management Science, 62 746-751.
74 Casimiro, S., Coleman, M., Mohloai, P., Hemingway, J., and Sharp, B. (2006). Insecticide Resistance in Anopheles funestus (Diptera: Culicidae) from Mozambique. Journal of Medical Entomology, 43(2) 267-275.
75 Khaliq, A., M.N.R. Attique, and A.H. Sayyed. (2007). Evidence for resistance to pyrethroids and organophosphates in Pluetella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) from Pakistan. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 97 191-200.
76 Khaliq, A., M.N.R. Attique, and A.H. Sayyed. (2007). Evidence for resistance to pyrethroids and organophosphates in Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) from Pakistan. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 97 191-200.
77 Wang, L., Li, X.-F., Zhang, J., Zhao, J.-Z., Wu, Q.-J., Xu, B., and Zhang, Y.-J. (2007). Monitoring of resistance for the diamondback moth to Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac and Cry1Ba toxins and a Bt commercial formulation. Journal of Applied Entomology, 131(7) 441-446.
78 Qian, L., Cao, G., Song, J., Yin, Q., and Han, Z. (2008). Biochemical mechanisms conferring cross-resistance between tebufenozide and abamectin in Plutella xylostella. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 91 175-179.
79 Sayyed, A. H., Saeed, S., Noor-UL-Ane, M., and Crickmore, N. (2008). Genetic, Biochemical, and Physiological Characteristics of Spinosad Resistance in Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 101 1658-1666.
80 Balasubramani, V., Sayyed, A. H., and Crickmore, N. (2008). Genetic Characterization of Resistance to Deltamathrin in Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) from India. Journal of Economic Entomology, 101 1911-1918.
81 Liang, P., Gao, X., Zheng, B. (2003). Genetic basis of resistance and studies on cross-resistance in a population of diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Pest Management Science, 59 1232-1236.
82 Nehare, S., Ghodki, B.S., Lande, G.K., Pawade, V., and Thakare, A.S. (2010). Inheritance of resistance and cross resistance pattern in indoxacarb-resistant diamondback moth Plutella xylostella L.. Entomological Research, 40 18-25.
83 Eziah, V., Rose, H.A., Clift, A.D., Mansfield, S. (2008). Susceptibility of four field populations of the diamondback moth Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae) to six insecticides in the Sydney region of New South Wales, Australia. Australian Journal of Entomology, 47 355-360.
84 Sayyed, A.H., Moores, G., Crickmore, N., and Wright, D. J. (2008). Cross-resistance between a Bacillus thuringiensis Cry toxin and non-Bt insecticides in the diamondback moth. Pest Management Science, 64 813-819.
85 Sun, J., Liang, P., and Gao, X. (2011). Cross-resistance patterns and fitness in fufenozide-resistant diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Pest Management Science, 68 285-289.
86 Troczka, B., Zimmer, C., Elias, J., Schorn, C., Bass, C., Davies, T.G., Field, L., Williamson, M., Slater, R., and Nauen, R. (2012). Resistance to diamide insecticides in diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) is associated with a mutation in the membrane-spanning domain of the ryanodine receptor. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 42 873-880.
87 Zhou, L., Huang, J., and Xu, H. (2011). Monitoring resistance of field populations of diamondback moth Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae) to five insecticides in South China: A ten-year case study. Crop Protection, 30 272-278.
88 Wang, X. L., and Wu, Y. D. (2012). High Levels of Resistance to Chlorantraniliprole Evolved in Field Populations of Plutella xylostella. Journal of Economic Entomology, 105 1019-1023.
89 Tabashnik, B., Cushing, N., Finson, N., and Johnson, M. (1990). Field Development of Resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis in Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 83 1671-1676.
90 Sun, J., Liang, P., and Gao, X. (2010). Inheritance of resistance to a new non-steriodal ecdysone agonist, fufenozide, in the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Pest Management Science, 66 406-411.
91 Santos, VC., De Siqueira, HAA., Da Silva, JE., De Farias, MJDC. (2011). Insecticide resistance in populations of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), from the state of Pernambuco, Brazil.. Neotropical Entomology, 40 264-270.
92 Khakame, S. K., Wang, X., and Wu, Y. (2013). Baseline toxicity of metaflumizone and lack of cross resistance between indoxacarb and metaflumizone in diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) . Journal of Economic Entomology, 106 1423-1429.
93 Ribeiro, L. M. S., Wanderley-Teixeira, V., Cunha, F. M., Teixeira, A. A. C., and Siqueira, H. A. A. (2012). Immunological response of resistant and susceptible Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) to Bacillus thuringiensis. Revista Colombiana de Entomologia, 38 208-214.
94 Gong, Y., Wang, C., Yang, Y., Wu, S., and Wu, Y. (2010). Characterization of resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis toxin Cry1Ac in Plutella xylostella from China. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 104 90-96.
95 Wang, X., Khakama, S., Ye, C., Yang, Y., and Wu, Y. (2013). Characterisation of field-evolved resistance to chlorantraniliprole in the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella, from China. Pest Management Science, 69 661-665.
96 Wang, R., and Wu, Y. (2014). Dominant fitness costs of abemectin resistance in Plutella xylostella. Pest Management Science.
97 Rahman, M. M., Baker, G., Powis, K. J., Roush, R. T., and Schmidt, O. (2010). Induction and Transmission of Tolerance to the Synthetic Pesticide Emamectin Benzoate in Field and Laboratory Populations of Diamondback Moth. Journal of Economic Entomology, 103(4) 1347-1354.
98 Gong, W., Yan, H., Gao, L., Guo, Y., Xue, C. (2014). Chlorantraniliprole Resistance in the Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 107(2) 806-814.
99 Yeh, S., Lin, C., Chang, C., Feng, H., and Dai, S. (2014). Amino acid substitutions and intron polymorphism of acetylcholinesterase1 associated with mevinphos resistance in diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.). Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 112 7-12.
100 Sonoda, S., Shi, X., Song, D., Liang, P., Gao, X., Zhang, Y., Li, J., Liu, Y., Li, M., Matsumura, M., Sanada-Morimura, S., Minakuchi, C., Tanaka, T., Miyata, T. (2014). Duplication of acetylcholinesterase gene in diamondback moth strains with different sensitivities to acephate. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 48 83-90.
101 Giron-Perez, K., Oliveira, A.L., Teixeira, A.F., Guedes, R.N.C, Pereira, E.J.G. (2014). Susceptibility of Brazilian populations of Diatraea saccharalis to Cry1Ab and response to selection for resistance. Crop Protection, 62 124-128.
102 Xia, Y., Lu, Y., Shen, J., Gao, X., Qiu, H., Li, J. (2014). Resistance monitoring for eight insecticides in Plutella xylostella in central China. Crop Protection, 63 131-137.
103 Ribeiro, L. M. S., Wanderley-Teixeira, V., Ferreira, H. N., Teixeira, A., A., C., and Siqueira, H. A. A. (2014). Fitness costs associated with field-evolved resistance to chlorantraniliprole in Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 104 88-96.
104 Zago, H., Siqueira, H.A.A., Pereira, E.J.G., Picanco, M.C., Barros, R. (2014). Resistance and behavioural response of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) populations to Bacillus thuringiensis formulations. Pest Management Science, 70 488-95.
105 Guo, L., Wang, Y., Zhou, X., Li, Z., Liu, S., Pei, L., and Gau, X. (2014). Functional analysis of a point mutation in the ryanodine receptor of Plutella xylostella (L.) associated with resistance to chlorantraniliprole. Pest Management Science, 70 1083-1089.
106 Yan, H., Xue, C., Zhao, X., Che, X., and Wang, L. (2014). Flubendiamide resistance and Bi-PASA detection of ryanodine receptor G4946E mutation in the diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella L.). Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 115 73-77.
107 Hu, Z., Feng, X., Lin, Q., Chen, H., Li, H., Yin, F., Liang, P., and Gao, X. (2014). Biochemical Mechanism of Chlorantraniliprole Resistance in the Dimondback Moth, Plutella xylostella Linnaeus. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 13 2452-2459.
108 Liu, F., Shi, X., Liang, Y., Wu, Q., Xu, B., Xie, W., Wang, S., Ahang, Y., and Liu N. (2014). A 36-bp deletion in the alpha subunit of glutamate-gated chloride channel contributes to abamectin resistance in Plutella xylostella. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 153 85-92.
109 Guo, L., Liang, P., Zhou, X., and Gao, X. (2014). Novel mutations and mutaition combinations of ryanodine receptor in a chlorantraniliprole resistant population of Plutella xylostella (L.). Scientific Reports, 4.
110 Bautista, M.A.M., Bhandary, B., Wijeratne, A.J., Michel, A.P., Hoy, C.W., and Mittapalli, O. (2015). Evidence for trade-offs in detoxification and chemosensation gene signatures in Plutella xylostella. Pest Management Science, 71 423-432.
111 Wang, X.L., Su, W., Zhang, J.H., Yang, Y.H., Dong, K., and Wu, Y.D. (2015). Two novel sodium channel mutations associated with resistance to indoxacarb and metaflumizone in the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella. Insect Science 1-9.
112 Jiang, T., Wu, S., Yang, T., Zhu C., and Gao, C. (2015). Monitoring Field Populations of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) for Resistance to Eight Insecticides in China. Florida Entomologist, 98 (No. 1).
113 Liu, X., Wang, H., Ning, Y., Qiao, K., and Wang, K. (2015). Resistance Selection and Characterization of Chlorantraniliprole Resistance in Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Journal of Economic Entomology , 108 1978-1985.
114 Wang, X., Wu, S., Gao, W., and Wu, Y. (2016). Dominant Inheritance of Field-Evolved Resistance Fipronil in Plustella Xylostella (Lepidoptea: Plutelellidae. Journal of Economic Entomology , 109 334-338.
115 Liu, X., Ning, Y., Wang, H., and Wang, K. (2015). Cross-resistance, mode of inheritance, synergism, and fitness effects of cyantraniliprole resistance in Plutella xylostella. entomologia experimentalis et applicata 1-8.
116 Yi, C. G., Hieu, T. T., Lee, S. H., Choi, B., Kwon, M., and Ahn, Y. (2015). Toxicity of Lavandula angustifolia oil constituents and spray formulations to insecticide-susceptible and pyrethroid-resistant Plutella xylostella and its endoparasitoid Cotesia glomerata. Pest Management Science .
117 Wang, X., Wang, R., Yang, Y., Wu, S., O'Reilly, A., and Wu, Y. (2015). A point mutation in the glutamate-gated chloride channel of Plutella xyostella is associated with resistance to abamectin. Insect Molecular Biology.
118 Sonoda, S. and Kataoka, Y. (2016). Genotyping for the G4946E site of ryanodine receptor gene in Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Ypononmeutidae) considering gene duplication. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 51 195-204.
119 Zhu, X., Yang, Y., Wu, Q., Wang, S., Xie, W., Guo, Z., Kang, S., Xia, J., and Zhang Y. (2016). Lack of fitness costs and inheritance of resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac toxin in a near-isogenic strain of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Pest Management Science , 72 289-297.
120 Wang, J., Wang, X., Lansdell, S., Zhang, J., Millar, N., and Wu, Y. (2016). A three amino acid deletion in the transmembrane domain of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha 6 subunit confers high-level resistance to spinosad in Plutella xylostella. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 71 29-36.
121 Zhang, S., Zhang, X., Shen, J., Mao, K., You, H., and Li, J. (2016). Susceptibility of field populations of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella, to a selection of insecticides in Central China. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 132 38-46.
122 Agboyi, L., Ketoh, G., Martin, T., Glitho, I., and Tamo, M. (2016). Pesticide resistance in Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) populations from Togo and Benin. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science.
123 Xiuxia, L., Li, R., Zhu, B., Gao, X., and Liang, P. (2018). Overexpression of cytochrome P450 CYP6BG1 may contribute to chlorantraniliprole resistance in Plutella xylostella (L.). Pest Manag Sci, 74 1386–1393.
124 Mallott, M., Hamm, S., Troczka, B.J., Randall, E., Pym, A., Grant, C., Baxter, S., Vogel, H., Shelton, A.M., Field, L.M., Williamson, M.S., Paine, M., Zimmer, C.T., Slater, R., Elias, J., and Bass C. (2019). A flavin-dependent monooxgenase confers resistance to chlorantraniliprole in the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 115.
125 Jun, S., Dongyang, L., Shuzhen, Z, Hu, W. and Jianhong, L. (2017). Fitness and inheritance of metaflumizone resistance in Plutella xylostella. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology , 139 53-59.
126 Guo, Z., Gong, L., Kang., Zhou, J., Sun, D., Qin, J., Guo, L., Zhu, L., Bai, Y., Bravo, A., Soberón, M. and Zhang, Y. (2019). Comprehensive analysis of Cry1Ac protoxin activation mediated by midgut proteases in susceptible and resistant Plutella xylostella (L.). Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology .
127 Chunyan Yin, Ran Wang, Chen Luo, Kang Zhao, Qiongyou Wu, Zhenyu Wang, and Guangfu Yang. (2019). Monitoring, Cross-Resistance, Inheritance, and Synergism of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) Resistance to Pyridalyl in China. journal of economic entomology, 112 329-334.
128 Xu, J., Wang, Z., Wang, Y., Ma, H., Zhu, H., Liu, J., Zhou, Y., Deng, X., and Zhou, X. (2020). ABCC2 participates in the resistance of Plutella xylostella to chemical insecticides. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology , 162 52-59.
129 Wang, R., Qu, Ch., Wang, Z., and Yang, G. (2020). Cross-resistance, biochemical mechanism and fitness costs of laboratoryselected resistance to pyridalyl in diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology , 163 8-13.
130 Wang R, Fang Y, Zhang J, Wang J, Feng H and Luo C. (2021). Characterization of field-evolved resistance to pyridalyl in a near-isogenic line of diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella.. Pest Management Science, 77 1197-1203.
131 Li R, Zhu B, Shan J, Li L, Liang P and Gao X. (2021). Functional analysis of a carboxylesterase gene involved in beta-cypermethrin and phoxim resistance in Plutella xylostella (L.).. Pest Management Science, 77 2097-2105.
132 Lima Neto JE, da Solidade Ribeiro LM and de Siqueira HÁA. (2021). nheritance and Fitness of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) Resistance to Chlorfenapyr. . Pest Management Science.
133 Wang J, Zheng X, Yuan J, Wang S, Xu B, Wang S, Zhang Y andWu Q. (2021). Insecticide Resistance Monitoring of the Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) Populations in China. . Journal Economic Entomology.
134 R. Tamilselvan, J.S. Kennedy and A. Suganthi. (2021). Monitoring the resistance and baseline susceptibility of Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) against spinetoram in Tamil Nadu, India. Crop Protection, 142.
135 Maryam Zolfaghari and Mohammad Ghadamyari. (2021). Mode of inheritance of chlorpyrifos resistance in diamondback moth. International Journal of Pest Management.
136 Zhu L, Zhang S, Lu F, Zhang K, Han Q, Ying Q, Zhang X, Zhang C, Zhou S and Chen A. (2021). Cross-resistance, fitness costs, and biochemical mechanism of laboratory-selected resistance to tenvermectin A in Plutella xylostella.. Pest Management Science.
137 Zhao S, Jiang D, Wang F, Yang Y, Tabashnik BE and Wu Y. (2021). Independent and Synergistic Effects of Knocking out Two ABC Transporter Genes on Resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis Toxins Cry1Ac and Cry1Fa in Diamondback Moth. . Toxins.
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Location(s) Where Resistance is Reported

# Location
1 4 -- Antigua -- 4
2 13 -- Barbados -- 4
3 29 -- China -- 4
4 63 -- Guatemala -- 4
5 67 -- Honduras -- 4
6 70 -- India -- 4
7 71 -- Indonesia -- 4
8 78 -- Jamaica -- 4
9 79 -- Japan -- 4
10 90 -- Malaysia -- 4
11 95 -- Mexico -- 4
12 104 -- Nicaragua -- 4
13 113 -- Philippines -- 4
14 125 -- Singapore -- 4
15 128 -- South Africa -- 4
16 132 -- Sri Lanka -- 4
17 141 -- Taiwan -- 4
18 144 -- Thailand -- 4
19 157 -- USA -- 4
20 159 -- Venezuela -- 4
21 160 -- Vietnam -- 4
22 177 -- USA -- Hawaii -- 4
23 179 -- USA -- Florida -- 4
24 267 -- Thailand -- Bangbuathong -- 4
25 353 -- USA -- California -- Santa Maria -- 4
26 354 -- USA -- California -- Soledad -- 4
27 355 -- USA -- California -- Guadalupe -- 4
28 356 -- USA -- California -- Oxnard -- 4
29 357 -- USA -- California -- Spreckles -- 4
30 358 -- USA -- California -- Coalinga -- 4
31 359 -- USA -- California -- Ocean Cliff -- 4
32 433 -- India -- Tamil Nadu -- T.K. Pudur -- 4
33 434 -- India -- Tamil Nadu -- Kavariammapatti -- 4
34 435 -- India -- Tamil Nadu -- Thangachiammapatti -- 4
35 436 -- India -- Tamil Nadu -- A.G. Pudur -- 4
36 437 -- India -- Tamil Nadu -- Attur -- 4
37 444 -- Malaysia -- Cameron Highlands -- 4
38 488 -- Malaysia -- lab selected -- 4
39 563 -- Japan -- Kobe City -- Iwaoka-cho -- 4
40 569 -- Australia -- South Australia -- Adelaide Plains -- 4
41 570 -- Australia -- South Australia -- Adelaide Hills -- 4
42 576 -- Nicaragua -- Dept. of Masaya -- La Concha -- 4
43 577 -- Nicaragua -- Dept. of Matagalpa -- Sebaco -- 4
44 578 -- Nicaragua -- Dept. of Esteli -- Tisey -- 4
45 579 -- Nicaragua -- Dept. of Jinotega -- Jinotega -- 4
46 580 -- Nicaragua -- Dept. of Esteli -- La Laguna -- 4
47 581 -- Nicaragua -- Dept of Masaya -- La Concha -- 4
48 582 -- Nicaragua -- Dept. of Esteli -- 4
49 645 -- Malaysia -- Cameron Highlands -- Kapang Raja -- 4
50 659 -- India -- Karnataka -- Bangalore -- 4
51 660 -- Malaysia -- Serdang -- 4
52 661 -- India -- Tamil Nadu -- Iruttupallam -- 4
53 662 -- India -- Tamil Nadu -- Ottanchathiram -- 4
54 664 -- India -- Punjab -- Phagwara -- 4
55 665 -- India -- lab selected -- 4
56 713 -- Pakistan -- Multan -- 4
57 714 -- Pakistan -- Multan -- lab selected -- 4
58 841 -- USA -- Georgia -- Camilla -- 4
59 842 -- USA -- Texas -- Rio Grande -- 4
60 843 -- Mexico -- Poblano -- 4
61 927 -- China -- Wuhan Insect Virus Research Institute -- 4
62 1074 -- USA -- New York -- Brockport -- 4
63 1120 -- Pakistan -- Punjab -- Salarwain -- 4
64 1121 -- Pakistan -- Punjab -- Kotla -- 4
65 1122 -- Pakistan -- Punjab -- Budla -- 4
66 1123 -- Pakistan -- Punjab -- Muzaffarabad -- 4
67 1124 -- Pakistan -- Punjab -- Shujabad -- 4
68 1125 -- Pakistan -- Punjab -- Khanewal -- 4
69 1126 -- Pakistan -- Punjab -- Jahanian -- 4
70 1127 -- Pakistan -- Punjab -- Lodhran -- 4
71 1128 -- Pakistan -- Punjab -- Karole -- 4
72 1129 -- Pakistan -- Punjab -- Awan Dahawala -- 4
73 1130 -- Pakistan -- Punjab -- Shariqpur -- 4
74 1131 -- Pakistan -- Punjab -- Nankanian -- 4
75 1132 -- Pakistan -- Punjab -- Qasur -- 4
76 1133 -- Pakistan -- Punjab -- Texla -- 4
77 1134 -- Pakistan -- Punjab -- Nawababad -- 4
78 1135 -- Pakistan -- Punjab -- Hasanabdal -- 4
79 1136 -- Pakistan -- Punjab -- Hazro -- 4
80 1194 -- Pakistan -- Punjab -- Muree -- 4
81 1258 -- China -- Guangdong -- Guangzhou -- 4
82 1259 -- China -- Shanghai -- Hongqiaoqu -- 4
83 1260 -- China -- Shangdong -- Jinan -- 4
84 1261 -- China -- Hunan -- Changsha -- 4
85 1262 -- China -- Guangdong -- Gangzhou -- 4
86 1894 -- Pakistan -- Multan -- 4
87 1895 -- Pakistan -- Multan -- Unselected Strain -- 4
88 1896 -- Pakistan -- Multan -- Spinosad Selected Strain - F12 -- 4
89 1897 -- Pakistan -- Multan -- Spino-Sel Female x Lab-UK Male -- 4
90 1898 -- Pakistan -- Multan -- Lab-UK Female x Spino-SEL Male -- 4
91 1912 -- India -- Tamil Nadu -- Hosur -- 4
92 2474 -- China -- Hebei -- Xuanhua -- 4
93 2598 -- India -- Maharashtra -- Nasik -- field -- 4
94 2667 -- Australia -- New South Wales -- Sydney -- University of Sydney, Darlington Campus -- 4
95 2668 -- Australia -- New South Wales -- Castlereagh -- Castlereagh Road -- 4
96 2669 -- Australia -- New South Wales -- Yaramundi -- Yaramundi Lane -- 4
97 2670 -- Australia -- New South Wales -- Windsor -- Wilberforce Road -- 4
98 3973 -- Malaysia -- Serdang -- 4
99 4206 -- China -- Nanjing Agriculture University -- 4
100 4579 -- France -- Brittany -- 4
101 4593 -- Philippines -- Cebu Island -- Sudlon -- 4
102 4594 -- Thailand -- Bang Bua Thong -- 4
103 4964 -- USA -- Hawaii -- 4
104 5164 -- China -- Shenzhen -- 4
105 5165 -- China -- Guangzhou -- 4
106 5166 -- China -- Gaoyao -- 4
107 5167 -- China -- Shantou -- 4
108 5185 -- China -- Gaozhou -- 4
109 5191 -- China -- Lianzhou -- 4
110 5240 -- China -- Guangdong -- Guangzhou -- Zengcheng -- 4
111 5319 -- Brazil -- Pernambuco -- Bezerros -- 4
112 5320 -- Brazil -- Pernambuco -- Jupi -- 4
113 5324 -- Brazil -- Pernambuco -- Bonito -- 4
114 5930 -- China -- Beijing -- 4
115 5931 -- China -- Shandong -- Jinan -- 4
116 5932 -- China -- Shandong -- Jinan -- 4
117 5933 -- China -- Shandong -- Jinan -- 4
118 5934 -- China -- Shandong -- Jinan -- 4
119 5935 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Kunshan -- 4
120 5936 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Kunshan -- 4
121 5937 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Nanjing -- 4
122 5938 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Nanjing -- 4
123 5939 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Nanjing -- 4
124 5940 -- China -- Anhui -- Hefei -- 4
125 5941 -- China -- Anhui -- Hefei -- 4
126 5942 -- China -- Anhui -- Hefei -- 4
127 5943 -- China -- Hubei -- Wuhan -- 4
128 5944 -- China -- Hubei -- Yichang -- 4
129 5945 -- China -- Guangdong -- Guangzhou -- 4
130 5946 -- China -- Guangdong -- Zengcheng -- 4
131 6554 -- Brazil -- Pernambuco -- Camocin de Sao Felix -- 4
132 6555 -- Brazil -- Pernambuco -- Camocin de Sao Felix -- 4
133 6578 -- China -- Guangdong -- Shenzhen -- 4
134 6579 -- China -- Guangdong -- Shenzhen -- 4
135 6632 -- China -- Guangdong -- Panyu -- 4
136 6633 -- China -- Guangdong -- Panyu -- 4
137 6634 -- China -- Guangdong -- Zhuhai -- 4
138 6635 -- China -- Guangdong -- Zhuhai -- 4
139 6636 -- China -- Guangdong -- Zengcheng -- 4
140 6637 -- China -- Guangdong -- Zengcheng -- 4
141 6672 -- China -- Yunnan -- Tong-hai -- 4
142 6783 -- Australia -- Queensland -- Lowood -- 4
143 6784 -- Australia -- Queensland -- Gatton -- 4
144 6785 -- Australia -- Queensland -- Tenthill -- 4
145 6786 -- Australia -- Queensland -- Tenthill -- 4
146 6858 -- China -- Guangdong -- Guangzhou -- Near BaiYun International Airport -- 4
147 6859 -- China -- Guangdong -- ZengCheng -- 4
148 8697 -- Taiwan -- Sihu -- 4
149 8714 -- Japan -- Kanto -- Tokyo -- Nihon Nohoyaku., Ltd -- 4
150 8715 -- Japan -- Kumamoto -- 4
151 8716 -- Japan -- Shimane -- 4
152 8717 -- China -- Hebei -- Beijing -- Zhongguancun South Road -- 4
153 8872 -- China -- He'nan Province -- Luoyang -- 4
154 8873 -- China -- He'nan Province -- Luoyang -- 4
155 8874 -- China -- He'nan Province -- Luoyang -- 4
156 8875 -- China -- Hu'nan Province -- Yueyang -- 4
157 8876 -- China -- Hu'nan Province -- Yueyang -- 4
158 8877 -- China -- Hu'nan Province -- Yueyang -- 4
159 8878 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Wuxue -- 4
160 8879 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Wuxue -- 4
161 8880 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Wuxue -- 4
162 8881 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Yichang -- 4
163 8882 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Yichang -- 4
164 8883 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Wuxue -- 4
165 8884 -- China -- He'nan Province -- Luoyang -- 4
166 8885 -- China -- He'nan Province -- Luoyang -- 4
167 8886 -- China -- He'nan Province -- Luoyang -- 4
168 8887 -- China -- Hu'nan Province -- Yueyang -- 4
169 8888 -- China -- Hu'nan Province -- Yueyang -- 4
170 8889 -- China -- Hu'nan Province -- Yueyang -- 4
171 8890 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Wuxue -- 4
172 8891 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Wuxue -- 4
173 8892 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Wuxue -- 4
174 8893 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Yichang -- 4
175 8894 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Wuxue -- 4
176 8895 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Wuxue -- 4
177 8896 -- China -- Hu'nan Province -- Yueyang -- 4
178 8897 -- China -- Hu'nan Province -- Yueyang -- 4
179 8898 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Wuxue -- 4
180 8899 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Yichang -- 4
181 8900 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Yichang -- 4
182 8901 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Yichang -- 4
183 8902 -- China -- He'nan Province -- Luoyang -- 4
184 8903 -- China -- He'nan Province -- Luoyang -- 4
185 8904 -- China -- He'nan Province -- Luoyang -- 4
186 8905 -- China -- Hu'nan Province -- Yueyang -- 4
187 8906 -- China -- Hu'nan Province -- Yueyang -- 4
188 8907 -- China -- Hu'nan Province -- Yueyang -- 4
189 8908 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Wuxue -- 4
190 8909 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Wuxue -- 4
191 8910 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Wuxue -- 4
192 8911 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Yichang -- 4
193 8912 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Yichang -- 4
194 8913 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Yichang -- 4
195 8914 -- China -- He'nan Province -- Luoyang -- 4
196 8915 -- China -- Hu'nan Province -- Yueyang -- 4
197 8916 -- China -- Hu'nan Province -- Yueyang -- 4
198 8917 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Yichang -- 4
199 8918 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Yichang -- 4
200 8919 -- China -- He'nan Province -- Luoyang -- 4
201 8920 -- China -- He'nan Province -- Luoyang -- 4
202 8921 -- China -- He'nan Province -- Luoyang -- 4
203 8922 -- China -- Hu'nan Province -- Yueyang -- 4
204 8923 -- China -- Hu'nan Province -- Yueyang -- 4
205 8924 -- China -- Hu'nan Province -- Yueyang -- 4
206 8925 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Wuxue -- 4
207 8926 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Wuxue -- 4
208 8927 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Wuxue -- 4
209 8928 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Yichang -- 4
210 8929 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Yichang -- 4
211 8930 -- China -- Hubei Province -- Yichang -- 4
212 8978 -- Brazil -- Pernambuco -- Camocim de Sao Felix -- 4
213 8989 -- Brazil -- Sao Paulo -- Jaboticabal -- 4
214 8990 -- Brazil -- Minas Gerais -- Sao Joao Del Rei -- 4
215 8991 -- Brazil -- Parana -- Ponta Grossa -- 4
216 8992 -- Brazil -- Espirito Santo -- Domingos Martins -- 4
217 8993 -- Brazil -- Minas Gerais -- Vicosa -- 4
218 8994 -- Brazil -- Pernambuco -- Garanhuns -- 4
219 8995 -- Brazil -- Bahia -- Vitoria da Conquista -- 4
220 8996 -- Brazil -- Espirito Santo -- Vargem Alta -- 4
221 9118 -- China -- Guangdong -- Huizhou -- 4
222 9119 -- China -- Guangdong -- Huizhou -- 4
223 9120 -- China -- Guangdong -- Huizhou -- 4
224 9121 -- China -- Guangdong -- Lianzhou -- 4
225 9122 -- China -- Guangdong -- Lianzhou -- 4
226 9123 -- China -- Guangdong -- Huizhou -- 4
227 9124 -- China -- Guangdong -- Panyu -- 4
228 9184 -- China -- Shandong -- Tai'an City -- Shandong Agricultural University South Campus -- 4
229 9185 -- China -- Guangdong -- Ghangzhou -- Near Guangzhou BaiYun International Airport -- 4
230 9186 -- China -- Guangdong -- ZengCheng -- 4
231 9199 -- China -- Guangdong -- Lianzhou City -- 4
232 9200 -- China -- Guangdong -- Lianzhou City -- 4
233 9237 -- China -- Fujian -- 4
234 9238 -- China -- Yunnan -- Tonghai -- 4
235 9700 -- USA -- Ohio -- Celeryville -- 4
236 10281 -- China -- Guangdong -- Baiyun -- 4
237 10282 -- China -- Guangdong -- Zhuhai -- 4
238 10283 -- China -- Guangdong -- Baiyun -- 4
239 10284 -- China -- Guangdong -- Zengcheng -- 4
240 10285 -- China -- Guangdong -- Huizhou -- 4
241 10286 -- China -- Hainan -- Sanya -- 4
242 10287 -- China -- Anhui -- Hefei -- 4
243 10288 -- China -- Guangdong -- Baiyun -- 4
244 10289 -- China -- Guangdong -- Huizhou -- 4
245 10290 -- China -- Guangdong -- Zengcheng -- 4
246 10291 -- China -- Guangdong -- Baiyun -- 4
247 10292 -- China -- Guangdong -- Baiyun -- 4
248 10293 -- China -- Guangdong -- Baiyun -- 4
249 10313 -- China -- Shanghai -- Baoshan -- 4
250 10314 -- China -- Shanghai -- Chongming -- 4
251 10315 -- China -- Shanghai -- Chongming -- 4
252 10316 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Duchang -- 4
253 10317 -- China -- Guangxi -- Guanyang -- 4
254 10318 -- China -- Guangxi -- Guanyang -- 4
255 10319 -- China -- Guangxi -- Guanyang -- 4
256 10320 -- China -- Anhui -- Hexian -- 4
257 10321 -- China -- Guangdong -- Huizhou -- 4
258 10322 -- China -- Guangdong -- Huizhou -- 4
259 10323 -- China -- Shanghai -- Jinshan -- 4
260 10324 -- China -- Shanghai -- Jinshan -- 4
261 10325 -- China -- Guangxi -- Lingchuan -- -- 4
262 10326 -- China -- Guangxi -- Lingchuan -- 4
263 10327 -- China -- Shanghai -- Minhang -- 4
264 10328 -- China -- Shanghai -- Minhang -- 4
265 10329 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Nanchang -- 4
266 10330 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Nanchang -- 4
267 10331 -- China -- Guangxi -- Nanning -- 4
268 10332 -- China -- Guangxi -- Nanning -- 4
269 10333 -- China -- Guangxi -- Nanning -- 4
270 10334 -- China -- Shanghai -- Pudong -- 4
271 10335 -- China -- Shanghai -- Pudong -- 4
272 10336 -- China -- Shanghai -- Songjiang -- 4
273 10337 -- China -- Guangxi -- Shanglin -- 4
274 10338 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Taihe -- 4
275 10339 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Taihe -- 4
276 10340 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Taihe -- 4
277 10341 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Wanan -- 4
278 10342 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Wuxi -- 4
279 10343 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Wuxi -- 4
280 10344 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Wuxi -- 4
281 10345 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Taihe -- 4
282 10346 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Taihe -- 4
283 10347 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Taihe -- 4
284 10348 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Wuxi -- 4
285 10349 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Wuxi -- 4
286 10350 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Wuxi -- 4
287 10351 -- China -- Shanghai -- Baoshan -- 4
288 10352 -- China -- Shanghai -- Chongming -- 4
289 10353 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Duchang -- 4
290 10354 -- China -- Guangxi -- Guanyang -- 4
291 10355 -- China -- Guangxi -- Guanyang -- 4
292 10356 -- China -- Gangdong -- Huizhou -- 4
293 10357 -- China -- Gangdong -- Huizhou -- 4
294 10358 -- China -- Shanghai -- Jinshan -- 4
295 10359 -- China -- Guangxi -- Lingchuan -- 4
296 10360 -- China -- Shanghai -- Minhang -- 4
297 10361 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Nanchang -- 4
298 10362 -- China -- Shanghai -- Pudong -- 4
299 10363 -- China -- Guangxi -- Sanglin -- 4
300 10364 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Taihe -- 4
301 10365 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Taihe -- 4
302 10366 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Taihe -- 4
303 10367 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Wuxi -- 4
304 10368 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Wuxi -- 4
305 10369 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Wuxi -- 4
306 10370 -- China -- Shanghai -- Baoshan -- 4
307 10371 -- China -- Shanghai -- Chongming -- 4
308 10372 -- China -- Shanghai -- Chongming -- 4
309 10373 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Duchang -- 4
310 10374 -- China -- Guangxi -- Guanyang -- 4
311 10375 -- China -- Guangxi -- Guanyang -- 4
312 10376 -- China -- Guangxi -- Guanyang -- 4
313 10377 -- China -- Anhui -- Hexian -- 4
314 10378 -- China -- Gangdong -- Huizhou -- 4
315 10379 -- China -- Gangdong -- Huizhou -- 4
316 10380 -- China -- Shanghai -- Jinsan -- 4
317 10381 -- China -- Shanghai -- Jinsan -- 4
318 10382 -- China -- Guangxi -- Lingchuan -- 4
319 10383 -- China -- Shanghai -- Minhang -- 4
320 10384 -- China -- Shanghai -- Minhang -- 4
321 10385 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Nanchang -- 4
322 10386 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Nanchang -- 4
323 10387 -- China -- Guangxi -- Nanning -- 4
324 10388 -- China -- Guangxi -- Nanning -- 4
325 10389 -- China -- Shanghai -- Pudong -- 4
326 10390 -- China -- Shanghai -- Pudong -- 4
327 10391 -- China -- Shanghai -- Songjiang -- 4
328 10392 -- China -- Guangxi -- Sanglin -- 4
329 10393 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Taihe -- 4
330 10394 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Taihe -- 4
331 10395 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Taihe -- 4
332 10396 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Wanan -- 4
333 10397 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Wuxi -- 4
334 10398 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Wuxi -- 4
335 10399 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Wuxi -- 4
336 10400 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Duchang -- 4
337 10401 -- China -- Gangdong -- Huizhou -- 4
338 10402 -- China -- Shanghai -- Jinsan -- 4
339 10403 -- China -- Shanghai -- Minhang -- 4
340 10404 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Nanchang -- 4
341 10405 -- China -- Shanghai -- Pudong -- 4
342 10406 -- China -- Guangxi -- Sanglin -- 4
343 10407 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Taihe -- 4
344 10408 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Taihe -- 4
345 10409 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Taihe -- 4
346 10410 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Wuxi -- 4
347 10411 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Wuxi -- 4
348 10412 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Wuxi -- 4
349 10413 -- China -- Shanghai -- Baoshan -- 4
350 10414 -- China -- Shanghai -- Minhang -- 4
351 10415 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Nanchang -- 4
352 10416 -- China -- Jiangxi -- Nanchang -- 4
353 10417 -- China -- Shanghai -- Pudong -- 4
354 10418 -- China -- Guangxi -- Sanglin -- 4
355 10419 -- China -- Jiangsu -- Wuxi -- 4
356 10751 -- China -- Shandong -- 4
357 10804 -- China -- Anhui -- Hefei -- 4
358 10809 -- China -- Anhui -- Hefei -- 4
359 10812 -- China -- Anhui -- Hefei -- 4
360 10890 -- China -- Shandong -- Taian -- 4
361 10891 -- China -- Shandong -- Taian -- 4
362 10892 -- China -- Shandong -- Taian -- 4
363 10893 -- China -- Shandong -- Taian -- 4
364 10894 -- China -- Shandong -- Taian -- 4
365 10895 -- China -- Shandong -- Taian -- 4
366 10896 -- China -- Shandong -- Taian -- 4
367 10897 -- China -- Shandong -- Taian -- 4
368 10898 -- China -- Shandong -- Taian -- 4
369 10899 -- China -- Guangdong -- Zengcheng -- 4
370 10981 -- South Korea -- Jeju -- 4
371 10982 -- South Korea -- Jeju -- 4
372 10983 -- South Korea -- Jeju -- 4
373 10984 -- China -- Yunnan -- Tonghai -- 4
374 11455 -- Japan -- Okayama Prefecture -- Maniwa CIty -- 4
375 11456 -- Japan -- Kumamoto Prefecture -- Yamato Town -- 4
376 11457 -- Japan -- Kumamoto Prefecture -- Yamato Town -- 4
377 11458 -- Japan -- Okayama Prefecture -- Maniwa CIty -- 4
378 11459 -- Japan -- Okayama Prefecture -- Maniwa CIty -- 4
379 11460 -- Japan -- Kumamoto Prefecture -- Yamato Town -- 4
380 11461 -- Japan -- Kumamoto Prefecture -- Yamato Town -- 4
381 11611 -- USA -- Florida -- Loxahatchee -- 4
382 11746 -- China -- Guangdong -- Shenzhen -- 4
383 11747 -- China -- Guangdong -- Shenzhen -- 4
384 11748 -- China -- Guangdong -- Shenzhen -- 4
385 11749 -- China -- Guangdong -- Shenzhen -- 4
386 11750 -- China -- Yunnan -- Yuxi -- 4
387 11751 -- China -- Guangdong -- Guangzhou -- 4
388 11752 -- China -- Guangdong -- Huizhou -- 4
389 11843 -- China -- Hubei -- Yichang -- 4
390 11844 -- China -- Hunan -- Yueyang -- 4
391 11845 -- China -- Hubei -- Yunmeng -- 4
392 11846 -- China -- Henan -- Luoyang -- 4
393 11847 -- China -- Henan -- Luoyang -- 4
394 11848 -- China -- Hubei -- Wuxue -- 4
395 11849 -- China -- Hubei -- Yichang -- 4
396 11850 -- China -- Hunan -- Yueyang -- 4
397 11851 -- China -- Hunan -- Yueyang -- 4
398 11852 -- China -- Hubei -- Yunmeng -- 4
399 11853 -- China -- Henan -- Luoyang -- 4
400 11854 -- China -- Henan -- Luoyang -- 4
401 11855 -- China -- Hubei -- Wuxue -- 4
402 11856 -- China -- Hubei -- Wuxue -- 4
403 11857 -- China -- Hubei -- Yichang -- 4
404 11858 -- China -- Hubei -- Yichang -- 4
405 11859 -- China -- Hunan -- Yueyang -- 4
406 11860 -- China -- Hunan -- Yueyang -- 4
407 11861 -- China -- Hubei -- Yunmeng -- 4
408 11862 -- China -- Hubei -- Yunmeng -- 4
409 11863 -- China -- Henan -- Luoyang -- 4
410 11864 -- China -- Hubei -- Wuxue -- 4
411 11865 -- China -- Hubei -- Wuxue -- 4
412 11866 -- China -- Hubei -- Yichang -- 4
413 11867 -- China -- Hunan -- Yichang -- 4
414 11868 -- China -- Hunan -- Yichang -- 4
415 11869 -- China -- Hubei -- Yunmeng -- 4
416 11870 -- China -- Hubei -- Yunmeng -- 4
417 11871 -- China -- Henan -- Luoyang -- 4
418 11872 -- China -- Henan -- Luoyang -- 4
419 11873 -- China -- Hubei -- Wuxue -- 4
420 11874 -- China -- Hubei -- Wuxue -- 4
421 11875 -- China -- Hubei -- Yichang -- 4
422 11876 -- China -- Hubei -- Yichang -- 4
423 11877 -- China -- Hunan -- Yueyang -- 4
424 11878 -- China -- Hunan -- Yueyang -- 4
425 11879 -- China -- Hubei -- Yunmeng -- 4
426 11880 -- China -- Hubei -- Yunmeng -- 4
427 11881 -- China -- Henan -- Luoyang -- 4
428 11882 -- China -- Henan -- Luoyang -- 4
429 11883 -- China -- Hubei -- Wuxue -- 4
430 11884 -- China -- Hubei -- Wuxue -- 4
431 11885 -- China -- Hubei -- Yichang -- 4
432 11886 -- China -- Hubei -- Yichang -- 4
433 11887 -- China -- Hunan -- Yueyang -- 4
434 11888 -- China -- Hunan -- Yueyang -- 4
435 11889 -- China -- Hubei -- Yunmeng -- 4
436 11890 -- China -- Hubei -- Yunmeng -- 4
437 11951 -- Togo -- Kara -- Kara -- 4
438 11952 -- Benin -- Cotonou -- 4
439 11953 -- Benin -- Cotonou -- 4
440 11957 -- Benin -- Cotonou -- 4
441 12479 -- China -- Beijing -- 4
442 12480 -- China -- Yunnan -- Tonghai -- 4
443 12481 -- China -- Guangdong -- Lianzhou City -- 4
444 12482 -- China -- Guangdong -- Huizhou City -- 4
445 12776 -- USA -- Hawaii -- 4
446 12779 -- Thailand -- Bang Bua Thong -- 4
447 12780 -- Thailand -- Bang Bua Thong -- 4
448 12783 -- USA -- Hawaii -- 4
449 12797 -- China -- Beijing -- 4
450 12864 -- China -- 4
451 12872 -- China -- Guangdong -- Guangzhou -- the town Zhuliao -- 4
452 12885 -- China -- Yueyang -- Hunan -- 4
453 12886 -- China -- Yueyang -- Hunan -- 4
454 12887 -- China -- Yueyang -- Hunan -- 4
455 12888 -- China -- Yueyang -- Hunan -- 4
456 12890 -- China -- Hubei -- 4
457 13216 -- China -- Fujian Province -- 4
458 13217 -- China -- Fujian -- 4
459 13219 -- China -- Hainan -- 4
460 13220 -- China -- Guangdong -- 4
461 13221 -- China -- Guangdong -- 4
462 13222 -- China -- Guangdong -- 4
463 13223 -- China -- Guangdong -- 4
464 13224 -- China -- Hainan -- 4
465 13225 -- China -- Guangdong -- 4
466 13228 -- China -- Guangdong -- 4
467 13229 -- China -- Guangdong -- 4
468 13231 -- China -- Guangdong -- 4
469 13232 -- China -- Hainan -- 4
470 13234 -- China -- Guangdong -- 4
471 13235 -- China -- Guangdong -- 4
472 13237 -- China -- Guangdong -- 4
473 13240 -- China -- Guangdong -- 4
474 13241 -- China -- Hainan -- 4
475 13242 -- China -- Guangdong -- 4
476 13243 -- China -- Guangdong -- 4
477 13245 -- China -- Guangdong -- 4
478 13247 -- China -- Guangdong -- 4
479 13248 -- China -- Guangdong -- 4
480 13249 -- China -- Guangdong -- 4
481 13251 -- China -- Guangdong -- 4
482 13254 -- Brazil -- 4
483 13258 -- China -- Kangbao -- Hebei -- 4
484 13259 -- China -- Ulangab -- Inner Mongolia -- 4
485 13260 -- China -- Jinghai -- Tianjin -- 4
486 13262 -- China -- Changping -- Beijing -- 4
487 13263 -- China -- Midu -- Yunnan -- 4
488 13264 -- China -- Jinghai -- Tianjin -- 4
489 13265 -- China -- Midu -- Yunnan -- 4
490 13266 -- China -- Jinghai -- Tianjin -- 4
491 13267 -- China -- Midu -- Yunnan -- 4
492 13268 -- China -- Midu -- Yunnan -- 4
493 13269 -- China -- Midu -- Yunnan -- 4
494 13271 -- China -- Ulangab -- Inner Mongolia -- 4
495 13272 -- China -- Zhanghei -- Hebei -- 4
496 13278 -- India -- Hosur -- Krishnagiri -- 4
497 13279 -- India -- Hosur -- Krishnagiri -- 4
498 13280 -- India -- Narasipuram -- Coimbatore -- 4
499 13281 -- India -- Hosur -- Krishnagiri -- 4
500 13282 -- India -- Kodaikanal -- Dindigul -- 4
501 13283 -- India -- Ooty -- Nilgiris -- 4
502 13284 -- India -- Hosur -- Krishnagiri -- 4
503 13285 -- India -- Oddanchatram -- Dindigul -- 4
504 13286 -- India -- Talavadi -- Erode -- 4
505 13287 -- India -- Kodaikanal -- Dindigul -- 4
506 13288 -- India -- Kottur -- Theni -- 4
507 13289 -- India -- Ooty -- Nilgiris -- 4
508 13290 -- India -- Narasipuram -- Coimbatore -- 4
509 13291 -- India -- Hosur -- Krishnagiri -- 4
510 13292 -- India -- Oddanchatram -- Dindigul -- 4
511 13293 -- India -- Palladam -- Tirupur -- 4
512 13294 -- India -- Talavadi -- Erode -- 4
513 13295 -- India -- Palacode -- Dharmapuri -- 4
514 13296 -- India -- Kodaikanal -- Dindigul -- 4
515 13297 -- India -- Kottur -- Theni -- 4
516 13298 -- India -- Panruti -- Cuddalore -- 4
517 13299 -- India -- Ooty -- Nilgiris -- 4
518 13300 -- India -- Hosur -- Krishnagiri -- 4
519 13301 -- India -- Oddanchatram -- Dindigul -- 4
520 13302 -- India -- Palladam -- Tirupur -- 4
521 13303 -- India -- Talavadi -- Erode -- 4
522 13304 -- India -- Palacode -- Dharmapuri -- 4
523 13305 -- India -- Kodaikanal -- Dindigul -- 4
524 13306 -- India -- Kottur -- Theni -- 4
525 13307 -- India -- Panruti -- Cuddalore -- 4
526 13316 -- India -- Ooty -- Nilgiris -- 4
527 13317 -- India -- Hosur -- Krishnagiri -- 4
528 13318 -- India -- Oddanchatram -- Dindigul -- 4
529 13319 -- India -- Palacode -- Dharmapuri -- 4
530 13320 -- India -- Kodaikanal -- Dindigul -- 4
531 13321 -- India -- Kottur -- Theni -- 4
532 13322 -- India -- Ooty -- Nilgiris -- 4
533 13323 -- India -- Hosur -- Krishnagiri -- 4
534 13324 -- India -- Kodaikanal -- Dindigul -- 4
535 13325 -- India -- Kottur -- Theni -- 4
536 13326 -- India -- Ooty -- Nilgiris -- 4
537 13327 -- India -- Narasipuram -- Coimbatore -- 4
538 13328 -- India -- Hosur -- Krishnagiri -- 4
539 13329 -- India -- Oddanchatram -- Dindigul -- 4
540 13330 -- India -- Palladam -- Tirupur -- 4
541 13331 -- India -- Talavadi -- Erode -- 4
542 13332 -- India -- Palacode -- Dharmapuri -- 4
543 13333 -- India -- Kodaikanal -- Dindigul -- 4
544 13334 -- India -- Kottur -- Theni -- 4
545 13335 -- India -- Panruti -- Cuddalore -- 4
546 13336 -- India -- Ooty -- Nilgiris -- 4
547 13337 -- India -- Narasipuram -- Coimbatore -- 4
548 13338 -- India -- Hosur -- Krishnagiri -- 4
549 13339 -- India -- Oddanchatram -- Dindigul -- 4
550 13340 -- India -- Palladam -- Tirupur -- 4
551 13341 -- India -- Talavadi -- Erode -- 4
552 13342 -- India -- Palacode -- Dharmapuri -- 4
553 13343 -- India -- Kodaikanal -- Dindigul -- 4
554 13344 -- India -- Kottur -- Theni -- 4
555 13345 -- India -- Panruti -- Cuddalore -- 4
556 13405 -- Iran -- Alborz -- Karaj -- 4
557 13443 -- China -- Guangdong -- 4
558 13494 -- China -- Hubei -- Wuhan -- 4
559 13855 -- USA -- Georgia -- Colquitt County -- 4
560 13856 -- USA -- Florida -- Manatee County -- 4
561 13857 -- USA -- Georgia -- Tift County -- 4
562 13858 -- USA -- Georgia -- Crisp County -- 4
563 13859 -- USA -- Georgia -- Colquitt County -- 4
564 13860 -- USA -- Georgia -- Crisp County -- 4
565 13861 -- USA -- Georgia -- Manatee County -- 4
566 13961 -- China -- Shandong -- 4
567 14176 -- Taiwan -- Changhua -- Fangyuan -- 4
568 14177 -- Taiwan -- Changhua -- Zhutang -- 4
569 14178 -- Taiwan -- Changhua -- Pitou -- 4
570 14179 -- Taiwan -- Douliu -- Yunlin -- 4
571 14180 -- Taiwan -- Liujiao -- Chiayi -- 4
572 14181 -- Taiwan -- Liujiao -- Chiayi -- 4
573 14182 -- Taiwan -- Changhua -- Fangyuan -- 4
574 14183 -- Taiwan -- Changhua -- Zhutang -- 4
575 14184 -- Taiwan -- Changhua -- Pitou -- 4
576 14185 -- Taiwan -- Yunlin -- Douliu -- 4
577 14186 -- Taiwan -- Chiayi -- Liujiao -- 4
578 14187 -- Taiwan -- Kaohsiung -- Luzhu -- 4
579 14188 -- Taiwan -- Changhua -- Fangyuan -- 4
580 14189 -- Taiwan -- Yunlin -- Douliu -- 4
581 14190 -- Taiwan -- Chiayi -- Liujiao -- 4
582 14191 -- Taiwan -- Chiayi -- Liujiao -- 4
583 14192 -- Taiwan -- Changhua -- Fangyuan -- 4
584 14193 -- Taiwan -- Changhua -- Zhutang -- 4
585 14194 -- Taiwan -- Changhua -- Pitou -- 4
586 14195 -- Taiwan -- Yunlin -- Douliu -- 4
587 14196 -- Taiwan -- Chiayi -- Liujiao -- 4
588 14197 -- Taiwan -- Kaohsiung -- Luzhu -- 4
589 14390 -- China -- 4
590 14391 -- China -- 2021-PT -- 4
591 14392 -- China -- 2021-KM -- 4
592 14393 -- China -- 2021-ND -- 4
593 14394 -- China -- 2021-NN -- 4
594 14395 -- China -- 2021-FZ -- 4
595 14396 -- China -- 2021-FZ -- 4
596 14397 -- China -- 2021-DL -- 4

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