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spodoptera litura


Order Family Common Name(s) Group Host
lepidoptera noctuidae mediterranean climbing cutworm AG Tobacco

Shown Resistance to Active Ingredient(s)

  1. abamectin (#43)
  2. acetamiprid
  3. bifenthrin (#33)
  4. carbaryl (#2)
  5. chlorantraniliprole (#11)
  6. chlorfenapyr (#5)
  7. chlorfenvinphos
  8. chlorpyrifos (#55)
  9. cyfluthrin (#12)
  10. cyfluthrin-beta (#9)
  11. cyhalothrin (#3)
  12. cyhalothrin-lambda (#11)
  13. cypermethrin (#49)
  14. cypermethrin-beta (#15)
  15. DDT (#2)
  16. deltamethrin (#50)
  17. deltamethrin + DEF
  18. diazinon
  19. dichlorvos
  20. emamectin benzoate (#27)
  21. endosulfan (#31)
  22. esfenvalerate (#9)
  23. fenpropathrin (#10)
  24. fenvalerate (#6)
  25. fipronil (#15)
  26. indoxacarb (#50)
  27. lindane
  28. lufenuron (#8)
  29. malathion
  30. metaflumizone
  31. methomyl (#38)
  32. methoxyfenozide (#36)
  33. monocrotophos (#5)
  34. phoxim (#4)
  35. profenofos (#56)
  36. pyrethrins
  37. quinalphos (#9)
  38. spinosad (#39)
  39. tebufenozide
  40. thiodicarb (#33)
  41. triazophos (#2)
  42. trichlorfon

Citation(s) of Resistance

# Citation
1 Armes, N.J., J.A. Wightman, D.R. Jadhav, and G.V.R. Rao. (1997). Status of Insecticide resistance in spodoptera litura in andra pradesh india.. pesticide science, 50 240-248.
2 Kranthi, K.R., D.R. Jadhav, S. Kranthi, R.R. Wanjari, S.S. Ali, and D.A. Russell. (2002). Insecticide resistance in five major insect pests of cotton in India.. Crop Protection, 21 449-460.
3 Kranthi, K.R., Jadhav, D.R., Wanjari, R.R., Ali, S.S., Russell, D. (2001). Carbamate and organophosphate resistance in cotton pests in India, 1995 to 1999.. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 91 37-46.
4 Asakawa, M. (1975). Insecticide resistance in agricultural insect pests of Japan.. Jpn. Pestic. Inf., 23 5-8.
5 Ma, L.F. (1965). In: FAO 1967.
6 Ramakrishnan, J., Saxena, V. S. and Dhingra, S. (1984). Insecticide resistance in the population of Spodoptera litura in Andhra Pradesh, India.. Pesticides (Bombay), 18 23-27.
7 Srivastava & Joshi 1965. (1965).
8 Huang, Shuijin, and Han Zhaojun. (2007). Mechanisms for multiple resistance in field populations of common cutworm, Spodotera Litura ( Fabricius) in China. Pesticide Biochemistry & Physiology, 87 14-22.
9 Ahmad, Mushtaq, Arif, M. Iqbal, and Ahmad, Munir. (2007). Occurrence of insecticide resistance in field populations of Spodoptera liturra (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Pakistan. Crop Protection, 26 809-817.
10 Ahmad, M., Saleem,, M. A., and Sayyed, A. H. (2009). Efficacy of insecticide mixtures against pyrethroid- and organophosphate-resistant populations of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Pest Management Science, 65 266-274.
11 Saleem, M. A., Ahmad, M., Ahmad, M., Aslam, M., and Sayyed, A. H. (2008). Resistance to Selected Organochlorin, Organophosphate, Carbamate and Pyrethroid, in Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) from Pakistan. Journal of Economic Entomology, 101 1667-1675.
12 Ahmad, M., Sayyed, A. H., Saleem, M. A., and Ahmad, M. (2008). Evidence for field evolved resistance to newer insecticides in Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) from Pakistan. Crop Protection, 27 1367-1372.
13 Sayyed, A.H., Ahmad, M., Saleem, M.A. (2008). Cross-Resistance and Genetics of Resistance to Indoxacarb in Spodoptera litura (lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 101 472-479.
14 Ahmad, M., Sayyed, A.H., Crickmore, N., Saleem, M.A. (2007). Genetics and mechanism of resistance to deltamethrin in a field population of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Pest Management Science, 63 1002-1010.
15 Shad, S.A., Sayyeh, A.H., and Saleem, M.A. (2009). Cross-resistance, mode of inheritance and stability of resistance to emamectin in Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Pest Management Science, 66 839-846.
16 Rehan, A., Saleem, M., Freed, S. (2011). Baseline Susceptibility and Stability of Insecticide Resistance of Spodoptera litura (f.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the Absence of Selection Pressure. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 43 973-978.
17 Shad, S., Sayyed, A., Fazal, S., Saleem, M., Zaka, S., and Ali, M. (2012). Field evolved resistance to carbamates, organophosphates, pyrethroids, and new chemistry insecticides in Spodoptera litura Fab. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Pesticide Science, 85 153-162.
18 Abbas, N., Ali Shad, S., Razaq, M. (2012). Fitness cost, cross resistance and realized heritability of resistane to imidacloprid in Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 103 181-188.
19 Su, J., Lai, T., and Li, J. (2012). Susceptibility of field populations of Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in China to chlorantraniliprole and the activities of detoxification enzymes. Crop Protection, 42 217-222.
20 Tong, H., Su, Q., Zhou, X., and Bai, L. (2013). Field resistance of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to organophosphates, pyrethroids, carbamates and four newer chemistry insecticides in Hunan, China. Journal of Pest Science, 86 599-609.
21 Rehan, A., and Freed, S. (2014). Selection, mechanism, cross resistance and stability of spinosad resistance in Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Crop Protection, 56 10-15.
22 Abbas, N., Samiullah, Ali Shad, S., Aslam, M., S., Razaq, M., Waheed, A. (2014). Resistance of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to profenofos: Relative fitness and cross resistance. Crop Protection, 58 49-54.
23 Zaka, S.M., Abbas, N., Shad, S. A., Shah, R., M. (2014). Effect of emamectin benzoate on life history traits and relative fitness of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Phytoparasitica.
24 Rehan, A., Freed, S. (2014). Resistance selection, mechanism and stability of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to methoxyfenozide. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 110 7-12.
25 Muthusamy, R., Vishnupriya, M., and Shivakumar, M. S. (2014). Biochemical mechanism of chlorantraniliprole resistance in Spodoptera litura (Fab) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 17 865-869.
26 Xue, M., Pang, Y., Li, Q., and Liu, T. (2010). Effects of four host plants on susceptibility of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae to five insecticides and activities of detoxification esterases. Pest Management Science, 66 1273-1279.
27 Ahmad, M., and Mehmood R. (2015). Monitoring of Resistance to New Chemistry Insecticides in Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Pakistan. Journal of Economic Entomology 1-10.
28 Saleem, M., Hussain, D., Ghouse, G., and Abbas, M. (2016). Monitoring of insecticide resistance in Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) from four districts of Punjab, Pakistan to conventional and new chemistry insecticides. Crop Protection, 79 177-184.
29 Xuegui, Wang & Huang, Qian & Hao, Qiang & Ran, Shuang & Wu, Yaqiong & Cui, Peng & Yang, Jing & Jiang, Chunxian & Yang, Qunfang. (2018). Insecticide resistance and enhanced cytochrome P450 monooxygenase activity in field populations of Spodoptera litura from Sichuan, China.. Crop Protection., 106 110-116.
30 Wang X., Lou, L., and Su J. (2019). Prevalence and stability of insecticide resistances in field population of T Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) from Huizhou, Guangdong Province, China. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 22 728-732.
31 Cheema, H. K., Kang, B. K., Jindal, V., Kaur, S. and Gupta, V. K. (2020). Biochemical mechanisms and molecular analysis of fenvalerate resistant population of Spodoptera litura (Fabricius). Crop Protection.

Location(s) Where Resistance is Reported

# Location

Other Reference

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