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helicoverpa zea

Profile

Order Family Common Name(s) Group Host
lepidoptera noctuidae corn earworm AG

Shown Resistance to Active Ingredient(s)

  1. B.t. Cry1A.105 (#30)
  2. Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1A.105 (#18)
  3. Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab (#26)
  4. Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ac (#18)
  5. Bacillus thuringiensis Cry2Ab2 (#46)
  6. Bacillus thuringiensis Cry2Ab2
  7. Bacillus thuringiensis Vip3A (#3)
  8. BHC/cyclodienes - Unspecified In Literature (#4)
  9. bifenthrin (#5)
  10. carbaryl
  11. chlorpyrifos (#3)
  12. Cry1A.105 (#29)
  13. cypermethrin (#9)
  14. DDT (#9)
  15. deltamethrin (#2)
  16. ethylan
  17. fenvalerate
  18. methoxychlor
  19. parathion-methyl
  20. permethrin (#2)
  21. TDE

Citation(s) of Resistance

# Citation
1 Hsu, E.L., and S.J. Yu. (1991). Insecticide Resistance in the Corn Earworm, Heliothis Zea (Boddie). Resistant Pest Management Newsletter, 3/18 3/18.
2 Abd-elghafar, S.F., C.O. Knowles, and M.L. Wall. (1993). Pyrethroid Resistance in Two Field Strains of Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 86(6) 1651-1655.
3 Perez, C.J., P. Alvarado, C. Narvaez, F. Miranda, L. Hernandez, H. Vanegas, A. Hruska, and A.M. Shelton. (2000). Assessment of Insecticide Resistance in Five Insect Pests Attacking Field and Vegetable Crops in Nicaragua. Journal of Economic Entomolgy, 93(6) 1779-1787.
4 Graves, J. B., Roussel, J. S. and Phillips, J. R. (1963). Resistance to some chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticides in the bollworm, Heliothis zea.. J. Econ. Entomol., 56 442-44.
5 Graves, J. B., Clower, D. F., Bagent, J. L. and Bradley, J. R. (1964). Bollworms increasing in resistance to insecticides.. La. Agric., 7 3.
6 Graves, J. B., Roussel, J. S. and Phillips, J. R. (1965). In: FAO 1967.
7 Harris, F. A. (1972). Resistance to methyl parathion and toxaphene-DDT in bollworm and tobacco budworm from cotton in Mississippi.. J. Econ. Entomol., 65 1193-94.
8 Brazzel, J. R. (1964). DDT resistance in Heliothis zea.. J. Econ. Entomol., 57 455-57.
9 Fadare, T.A. (1968). Susceptibility of the bollworm Heliothis zea to DDT in Arizona.. M. S. thesis, Univ. of Ariz.
10 (1967). Report of the First Session of the FAO Working Party of Experts on Resistance of Pests to Pesticides.. FAO, Rome 1965.
11 Lingren, P. D. and Bryan, D. E. (1965). Dosage-mortality data on the bollworm, Heliothis zea, and the tobacco budworm, heliothis virescens in Oklahoma.. J. Econ. Entomol., 58 14-18.
12 Pate, T. L. and Brazzel, J. R. (1964). Resistance status of bollworm and tobacco budworms in Mississippi in 1963.. Mississippi Agric. Exp. Sta. Inf. Sheet 848, 2 pp..
13 Plapp, F. W., Jr. (1971). Insecticide resistance in Heliothis: Tolerance in larvae of H.. virescens as compared with H. zea to organophosphate insecticides. J. Econ. Entomol., 64 999-1002.
14 Rodrigo Adarve, R. (1965). In: FAO 1967.
15 Snow, J. W. and Brazzel, J. R. (1965). Investigations of the possibility of host specific strains of the boolworm and tobacco budworm in Mississippi.. J. Econ. Entomol., 58 525-26.
16 Von Eickstedt 1968. (1968).
17 Pietrantonio, P. V., Junek, T. A., Parker, R., Mott, D., Siders, K., Troxclair, N., Vargas-Camplis, J., Westbrook, J. K., and Vassiliou, V. A. (2007). Detection and evolution of resistance to the pyrethroid cypermethrin in Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) populations in Texas. Environmental Entomology, 36 (5) in press.
18 Anilkumar, K. J., Pusztai-Carey, M., and Moar, W. J. (2008). Fitness Costs Associated with Cry1Ac-Resistant Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) : A Factor Countering Selection for Resistance to Bt Cotton?. Journal of Economic Entomology, 101 1421-1431.
19 Jacobson, A., Foster, R., Krupke, C., Hutchinson, W., Pittendrigh, B., Weinzierl, R. (2009). Resistance to Pyrethroid Insecticides in Helicoverpa zea (Lepodoptera: Noctuidae) in Indiana and Illinois. Journal of Economic Entomology, 102 2289-2295.
20 Hopkins, B.W., Pietrantonio, P.V. (2010). Differential efficacy of three commonly used pyrethroids against laboratory and field-collected larvae and adults of Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and significance for pyrethroid resistance management. Pest Management Science, 66 147-154.
21 Hopkins, B.W., Longnecker, M.T., Pietrantonio, P.V. (2010). Transcriptional overexpression of CYP6B8/CYP6B28 and CYP6B9 is a mechanism associated with cypermethrin survivorship in field-collected Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae) moths. Pest Management Science.
22 Orpet, R., Degain, B., Unnithan, G., Welch, K., Tabashnik, B., and Carriere, Y. (2015). Effects of dietary protein to carbohydrate ratio on Bt toxicity and fitness costs of resistance in Helicoverpa zea. Entomologica Experimentalis et Applicata, 156 28-36.
23 Welch, K.L., Unnithan, G.C., Degain, B.A., Wei, J., Zhang, J., Li, X., Tabashnik, B.E., and Carriere, Y. (2015). Cross-resistance to toxins used in pyramided Bt crops and resistance to Bt sprays in Helicoverpa zea. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 132 149-156.
24 Carriere, Y., Degain, B. A., Unnithan, G. C., Harpold, V. S., Heuberger, S., Li, X., and Tabashnik, B. E. (2018). Effects of seasonal changes in cotton plants on the evolution of resistance to pyramided cotton producing the Bt toxins Cry1Ac and Cry1F in Helicoverpa zea. Pest Management Science, 74 627-637.
25 Zhang, M., Wei, J., Ni, X., Zhang, J., Jurat-Fuentes, J. L., Fabrick, J. A., Carriere, Y., Tabashnik, B. E., and Li, X. (2018). Decreased Cry1Ac activation by midgut proteases associated with Cry1Ac resistance in Helicoverpa zea. Pest Management Science.
26 Brévault, T., Heuberger, S., Zhang, M., Ellers-Kirk, C., Ni, X., Masson, L., Li, X., Tabashnik, B. E., and Carriere, Y. (2013). Potential shortfall of pyramided transgenic cotton for insect resistance management. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110.
27 Reisig, D. D., Huseth, A. S.., Bacheler, J. S., Aghaee, M-A., Braswell, L., Burrack, H. J., Flanders, K., Greene, J. K., Herbert, D. A., Jacobson, A., Paula-Moraes, S. V., Roberts, P., and Taylor, S. V. (2018). Long-term empirical and observational evidence of practical Helicoverpa zea resistance to cotton with pyramided Bt toxins. Journal of Economic Entomology, 111 (4) 1824-1833.
28 Kaur, G., Guo, J., Brown, S., Head, G. P., Price, P. A., Puala-Moraes, S., Ni, X., Dimase, M., and Huang, F. (2019). Field-evolved resistance of Helicoverpa zea (Boddie) to transgenic maize expressing pyramided Cry1A.105/Cry2Ab2 proteins in northeast Louisiana, the United States. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 163 11-20.
29 Yang, F., Head, G.P., Price, P.A., Santiago González, J.C. and Kerns, D.L. (2020). Inheritance of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry2Ab2 protein resistance in Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Pest Management Science .
30 Bilbo, R. T., Reay-Jones P. F. F., Reisig D., D. and Greene, K. J. (2019). Susceptibility of Corn Earworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to Cry1A.105 and Cry2Ab2 in North and South Carolina. Journal of Economic Entomology, 112 1845-1857.
31 Yang, F., González, J. S.,Little, N., Reisig, D., Payne, G., Dos Santos, R. F., Jurat-Fuentes, J. L., Kurtz, R., and Kerns, D. L. (2020). First documentation of major Vip3Aa resistance alleles in feld populations of Helicoverpa zea (Boddie) (Lepidoptera: noctuidae) in Texas, USA. Scientific Reports, 10 5867.
32 Zhang, M.,Wei, J, Ni, X., Zhang, J., Jurat-Fuentes, J. L., Fabrick, J. A., Carrière, Y., Tabashnik, B. E., and Li, X. (2019). Decreased Cry1Ac activation by midgut proteases associated with Cry1Ac resistance in Helicoverpa zea. Pest Management Science, 75 1099-1106.
33 Kaura, G., Guoa, J., Brown, S., Headd, G. P., Priced, P. A., Paula-Moraese, S., Nif, X., Dimasea, M., and Huang, F. (2019). Field-evolved resistance of Helicoverpa zea (Boddie) to transgenic maize expressing pyramided Cry1A.105/Cry2Ab2 proteins in northeast Louisiana, the United States. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 163 11-20.
34 Dively, G. P., Venugopal, P. D., and Finkenbinder, C. (2016). Field-Evolved Resistance in Corn Earworm to Cry Proteins Expressed by Transgenic Sweet Corn. PLoS ONE, 11 e0169115.
35 Yang F, Santiago González JC, Sword GA and Kerns DL. (2020). Genetic basis of resistance to the Vip3Aa Bt protein in Helicoverpa zea.. Pest Management Science, 77 1530-1535.
36 Yang, F., Santiago González, J.C., Sword, G.A. and Kerns, D.L. (2021). Genetic basis of resistance to the Vip3Aa Bt protein in Helicoverpa zea.. Pest Management Science, 77 1530-1535.
37 Yu W, Lin S, Dimase M, Niu Y, Brown S, Head GP, Price PA, Reay-Jones FPF, Cook D, Reisig D, Thrash B, Ni X, Paula-Moraes SV and Huang F. (2021). Extended investigation of field-evolved resistance of the corn earworm Helicoverpa zea(Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1A.105 and Cry2Ab2 proteins in thesoutheastern United States.. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology.
38 Niu Y, Oyediran I, Yu W, Lin S, Dimase M, Brown S, Reay-Jones FPF, Cook D, Reisig D, Thrash B, Ni X, Paula-Moraes SV, Zhang Y, Chen JS, Wen Z and Huang F. (2021). Populations of Helicoverpa zea (Boddie) in the Southeastern United States are Commonly Resistant to Cry1Ab, but Still Susceptible to Vip3Aa20 Expressed in MIR 162 Corn. Toxins, 13 2-14.
39 Yang, F., Santiago González, J.C., Head, G.P., Price, P.A., & Kerns, D.L. (2021). Multiple and non-recessive resistance to Bt proteins in a Cry2Ab2-resistant population of Helicoverpa zea. . Crop Protection., 145.
40 Yu, W., Lin, S., Dimase, M.,Niu, Y., Brown, S., Head, G. P., Price, P. A., Reay-Jones, F. P. F., Cook, D., Reisig, D., Thrash, B., Ni, X., Paula-Moraes i, and Huang, F. (2021). Extended investigation of field-evolved resistance of the corn earworm Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1A.105 and Cry2Ab2 proteins in the southeastern United States. Journal of invertebrate pathology, 183 107560.
41 Yu, W., Head, G. P., and Huang, F. (2022). Inheritance of Resistance to Cry1A.105 in Helicoverpa zea (Boddie) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). INSECTS, 19 875.

Location(s) Where Resistance is Reported

# Location
1 30 -- Colombia -- 4
2 46 -- El Salvador -- 4
3 63 -- Guatemala -- 4
4 67 -- Honduras -- 4
5 95 -- Mexico -- 4
6 157 -- USA -- 4
7 171 -- USA -- Georgia -- Ashburn -- 4
8 174 -- USA -- Arizona -- 4
9 175 -- USA -- Louisiana -- 4
10 181 -- USA -- Texas -- 4
11 183 -- USA -- Mississippi -- 4
12 202 -- USA -- Oklahoma -- 4
13 235 -- USA -- New Mexico -- 4
14 584 -- Nicaragua -- Dept of Leon -- Telica -- 4
15 585 -- Nicaragua -- Dept of Leon -- Nagarote -- 4
16 586 -- Nicaragua -- Dept. of Granada -- Nandaime -- 4
17 1263 -- USA -- Texas -- Nueces County -- 4
18 2105 -- USA -- Tennessee -- Union City -- Monsanto -- 4
19 2418 -- USA -- Indiana -- Lafayette -- Thockmorton Purdue Agricultural Center -- 4
20 2419 -- USA -- Indiana -- Vincennes -- Southwest Purdue Agricultural Experiment Station -- 4
21 2420 -- USA -- Illinois -- Collinsville -- 4
22 2421 -- USA -- Indiana -- Lafayette -- Thockmorton Purdue Agricultural Center -- 4
23 2543 -- USA -- Texas -- Uvalde County -- field -- 4
24 2903 -- USA -- Texas -- Nueces -- 4
25 2904 -- USA -- Texas -- Burleson -- 4
26 2905 -- USA -- Texas -- Williamson -- 4
27 2906 -- USA -- Texas -- Uvalde -- 4
28 10547 -- USA -- Georiga -- 4
29 11901 -- USA -- Georgia -- Tifton -- 4
30 12388 -- USA -- Georgia -- 4
31 12495 -- USA -- Georgia -- Tifton -- 4
32 12496 -- USA -- Georgia -- Tifton -- 4
33 12497 -- USA -- Georgia -- Tifton -- 4
34 12503 -- USA -- Florida -- 4
35 12504 -- USA -- Georgia -- 4
36 12505 -- USA -- North Carolina -- 4
37 12506 -- USA -- North Carolina -- 4
38 12507 -- USA -- North Carolina -- 4
39 12508 -- USA -- South Carolina -- 4
40 12509 -- USA -- South Carolina -- 4
41 12510 -- USA -- Virginia -- 4
42 12750 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Franklin Parish -- 4
43 12751 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Tensas Parish -- 4
44 12752 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Rapides Parish -- 4
45 12753 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Franklin Parish -- 4
46 12754 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Franklin Parish -- 4
47 12755 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Franklin Parish -- 4
48 12756 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Franklin Parish -- 4
49 12757 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Tensas Parish -- 4
50 13054 -- USA -- 4
51 13055 -- USA -- 4
52 13057 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Darlington -- 4
53 13058 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Dillon -- 4
54 13059 -- USA -- North Carolina -- Duplin -- 4
55 13060 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Florence -- 4
56 13061 -- USA -- North Carolina -- Johnston -- 4
57 13062 -- USA -- North Carolina -- Robeson -- 4
58 13063 -- USA -- North Carolina -- Washington -- 4
59 13065 -- USA -- North Carolina -- Washington -- 4
60 13093 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Darlington -- 4
61 13094 -- USA -- North Carolina -- Wayne -- 4
62 13097 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Barnwell -- 4
63 13098 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Charleston -- 4
64 13099 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Darlington -- 4
65 13100 -- USA -- North Carolina -- Johnston -- 4
66 13101 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Lee -- 4
67 13107 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Orangeburg -- 4
68 13108 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Pickens -- 4
69 13109 -- USA -- North Carolina -- Robeson -- 4
70 13110 -- USA -- North Carolina -- Wayne -- 4
71 13111 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Darlington -- 4
72 13112 -- USA -- North Carolina -- Duplin -- 4
73 13113 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Darlington -- 4
74 13114 -- USA -- North Carolina -- Johnston -- 4
75 13115 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Lee -- 4
76 13116 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Pickens -- 4
77 13117 -- USA -- North Carolina -- Wayne -- 4
78 13144 -- USA -- Georgia -- 4
79 13145 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Franklin -- 4
80 13146 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Franklin -- 4
81 13147 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Franklin -- 4
82 13148 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Franklin -- 4
83 13149 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Franklin -- 4
84 13150 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Franklin -- 4
85 13160 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Tensas -- 4
86 13161 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Franklin -- 4
87 13163 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Franklin -- 4
88 13199 -- USA -- Texas -- Snook -- 4
89 13202 -- USA -- Maryland -- Department of Entomology, University of Maryland -- 4
90 13252 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Franklin Parish -- 4
91 13444 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Franklin Parish -- 4
92 13536 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Baton Rouge -- 4
93 13537 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Winnsboro -- 4
94 13538 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Winnsboro -- 4
95 13539 -- USA -- Mississippi -- Stoneville -- 4
96 13540 -- USA -- Georgia -- Tifton -- 4
97 13541 -- USA -- Georgia -- Tifton -- 4
98 13542 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Florence -- 4
99 13543 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Darlington -- 4
100 13544 -- USA -- North Carolina -- Lenoir -- 4
101 13545 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Winnsboro -- 4
102 13546 -- USA -- Lousiana -- St. Joseph -- 4
103 13547 -- USA -- Lousiana -- St. Joseph -- 4
104 13548 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Colfax -- 4
105 13549 -- USA -- Mississippi -- Stoneville -- 4
106 13550 -- USA -- Mississippi -- Leland -- 4
107 13551 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Darlington -- 4
108 13552 -- USA -- Florida -- Santa Rosa -- 4
109 13553 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Winnsboro -- 4
110 13554 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Alexandria -- 4
111 13555 -- USA -- Mississippi -- Stoneville -- 4
112 13556 -- USA -- Arkansas -- Tillar -- 4
113 13557 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Darlington -- 4
114 13558 -- USA -- North Carolina -- Lillington -- 4
115 13559 -- USA -- Florida -- Santa Rosa -- 4
116 13560 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Winnsboro -- 4
117 13561 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Alexandria -- 4
118 13562 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Darlington -- 4
119 13563 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Baton Rouge -- 4
120 13564 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Winnsboro -- 4
121 13565 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Winnsboro -- 4
122 13566 -- USA -- Georgia -- Tifton -- 4
123 13567 -- USA -- Georgia -- Tifton -- 4
124 13568 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Florence -- 4
125 13569 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Florence -- 4
126 13570 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Darlington -- 4
127 13571 -- USA -- North Carolina -- Lenoir -- 4
128 13572 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Winnsboro -- 4
129 13573 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Winnsboro -- 4
130 13574 -- USA -- Lousiana -- St. Joseph -- 4
131 13575 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Colfax -- 4
132 13576 -- USA -- Mississippi -- Stoneville -- 4
133 13577 -- USA -- Mississippi -- Leland -- 4
134 13578 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Darlington -- 4
135 13579 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Winnsboro -- 4
136 13580 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Alexandria -- 4
137 13581 -- USA -- Mississippi -- Stoneville -- 4
138 13582 -- USA -- Arkansas -- Tillar -- 4
139 13583 -- USA -- North Carolina -- Lillington -- 4
140 13584 -- USA -- Florida -- Santa Rosa -- 4
141 13585 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Winnsboro -- 4
142 13586 -- USA -- Mississippi -- Stoneville -- 4
143 13587 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Darlington -- 4
144 13588 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Alexandria -- 4
145 13613 -- USA -- Lousiana -- East Baton Rouge -- 4
146 13614 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Franklin -- 4
147 13615 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Franklin -- 4
148 13616 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Franklin -- 4
149 13617 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Franklin -- 4
150 13618 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Tensas -- 4
151 13619 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Franklin -- 4
152 13620 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Grant -- 4
153 13621 -- USA -- Mississippi -- Washington -- 4
154 13622 -- USA -- Mississippi -- Washington -- 4
155 13623 -- USA -- Mississippi -- Washington -- 4
156 13624 -- USA -- Georgia -- Tift -- 4
157 13625 -- USA -- Georgia -- Tift -- 4
158 13626 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Florence -- 4
159 13627 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Florence -- 4
160 13628 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Darlington -- 4
161 13629 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Darlington -- 4
162 13630 -- USA -- North Carolina -- Caldwell -- 4
163 13631 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Franklin -- 4
164 13632 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Rapides -- 4
165 13633 -- Ukraine -- Lousiana -- Franklin -- 4
166 13634 -- USA -- Lousiana -- Tensas -- 4
167 13635 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Darlington -- 4
168 13636 -- USA -- North Carolina -- Harnett -- 4
169 13808 -- USA -- Texas -- Snook -- 4
170 13809 -- USA -- Texas -- Snook -- 4
171 13810 -- USA -- Texas -- Snook -- 4
172 14027 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Winnsboro -- 4
173 14028 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Alexandria -- 4
174 14029 -- USA -- Mississippi -- Stoneville -- 4
175 14030 -- USA -- Arkansas -- Tillar -- 4
176 14031 -- USA -- South Carolina -- Darlington -- 4
177 14032 -- USA -- North Carolina -- Lillington -- 4
178 14039 -- USA -- Florida -- Santa Rosa -- 4
179 14040 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Winnsboro -- 4
180 14041 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Alexandria -- 4
181 14042 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Winnsboro -- 4
182 14043 -- USA -- Louisiana -- Alexandria -- 4
183 14044 -- USA -- Mississippi -- Tillar -- 4
184 14045 -- USA -- North Carolina -- Lillington -- 4
185 14046 -- USA -- Florida -- Santa Rosa -- 4
186 14103 -- USA -- Louisiana -- 4
187 14104 -- USA -- Louisiana -- 4
188 14105 -- USA -- Louisiana -- 4
189 14106 -- USA -- Louisiana -- 4
190 14107 -- USA -- Louisiana -- 4
191 14108 -- USA -- Louisiana -- 4
192 14109 -- USA -- Louisiana -- 4
193 14110 -- USA -- Louisiana -- 4
194 14111 -- USA -- Louisiana -- 4

Other Reference

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