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spodoptera littoralis


Order Family Common Name(s) Group Host
lepidoptera noctuidae egyptian cotton leafworm, army worm AG alfalfa, cotton, potato, vegetables

Shown Resistance to Active Ingredient(s)

  1. acephate
  2. azinphos-methyl
  3. Bacillus thuringiensis (var. unspecified) (#3)
  4. Bacillus thuringiensis var. aizawai
  5. carbaryl (#2)
  6. chlorpyrifos (#4)
  7. cypermethrin (#4)
  8. DDT
  9. deltamethrin (#2)
  10. diflubenzuron
  11. endrin
  12. fenitrothion
  13. fenvalerate
  14. flucythrinate
  15. indoxacarb
  16. leptophos
  17. methamidophos
  18. methidathion
  19. methomyl (#2)
  20. monocrotophos (#4)
  21. parathion (#2)
  22. parathion-methyl (#3)
  23. permethrin
  24. profenofos
  25. Pyrethroids - Unspecified In Literature
  26. sulprofos
  27. tebufenozide
  28. teflubenzuron (#3)
  29. toxaphene (#2)
  30. triazophos
  31. trichlorfon

Citation(s) of Resistance

# Citation
1 Smafhe, G., and D. Degheele. (1997). Comparitive toxicity and tolerance for the ecdysteroid mimic tebufenozide in a laboratory and field strain of cotton leafworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 90(2) 278-282.
2 Ishaaya, I., and M. Klein. (1990). Response of Susceptible Laboratory and Resistant Field Strains of Spodoptera littoralis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to Teflubenzuron. Journal of Economic Entomology, 83(1) 59-62.
3 Muller-Cohn, J., J. Chaufaux, C. Buisson, N. Gilois, V. Sanchis, and D. Lereclus. (1996). Spodoptera littoralis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Resistance to Cry IC and Cross-Resistance to Other Bacillus thuringiensis Crystal Toxins. Journal of Economic Entomology, 89(4) 791-797.
4 Hassan, M. H., Maher Ali, A. and El-Sawi, M. S. (1970). In: Georghiou 1974.
5 Atallah', Y. H. (1971). Status of carbaryl and DDT resistance in laboratory-reared Egyptian cotton leafworm.. J. Econ. Entomol., 64 1018-21.
6 El-Deeb, W. M., Zidan, A. H., Mariy, F. M., Subiha, A. K. and Hassanein, A. A. (1984). Pattern of cross-resistance to certain insecticides found in fenvalerate and flucythrinate resistant strain of Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.).. Intern. Pest Control., 26 102-04.
7 El-Guindy, M. A., Madi, S. M., Keddis, M. E., Issan, Y. H. and Adbel0Satto, M. M. (1982). Development of resistance to pyrethroids in field populations of the Egyptian cotton leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis Boisd.. Int. Pest Control., 24 6-11.
8 El-Nawawy, A. S., Abbassy, M. A., Ashry, M., Anbr, H. and Abou-Donia, M. B. (1981). Insecticide resistance in different strains of Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.).. Proc. 4th Arab Pesticide Conf. Tanta Univ. III.
9 El-Sayed, M. M. (1973). Personal communication.. (Data In: Georghiou 1974.).
10 Holden, J. S. (1979). Absorption and metabolism of permethrin and cypermethrin in the cockroach and the cotton leafworm larvae.. Pestic. Sci., 10 295.
11 Ingram, W. R. (1975). Improving control of the vegetable armyworm.. PANS, 21 162-67.
12 Ishaaya, I. And Klein, M. (1990). Response of susceptible laboratory and resistant field strains of Spodoptera littoralis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to teflubenzuron.. J. Econ. Entomol., 83 59-62.
13 Issa, Y. H., Keddis, M. E., Ayad, F. A., Abdel-Sattar, M. and El-Guindy, A. M. (1986). Survey of resistance to organophosphorous insecticides in field strains of the cotton leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis (Boisd.) during 1980-1984 cotton growing season.. Bull. Entomol. Soc. Egypt, Econ. Ser., 0(14) 399-404.
14 Klein, M., Levski, S. and Keren, S. (1982). Comparative toxicity of several insecticides to eggs, larvae and adults of the Egyptian cottonworm, Spodoptera littoralis, in laboratory trilas.. Phytoparasitica, 10 13-20.
15 Maher Ali, A., Bishara, R. H., El-Sawy, M. S., Hussein, M., Abdel Kader, M. M., Abdel Salam, F. A. and Izak, I. (1962). Agric.. Res. Rev. Egypt, 40 51-70.
16 Mahran, A. A. (1981). Studies on insecticide resistance in insects.. M. Sc. Thesis, Univ. of Alexandria, Egypt.
17 Oden, T. (1974). Communication to FAO.
18 Shaaban, A. M., Abo-Elghar, M. R., Abdel-Mohymen, M. R. and El-Malla, M. A. (1985). Resistance of the Egyptian cotton leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis to certain insecticides.. Z. Pflkrankh. Pflanzenschutz., 92 69-75.
19 Tomizawa & Maher Ali 1967. (1967).
20 Vermes 1968. (1968).
21 Zyngas 1974. (1974).
22 Ahmad, Mushtaq & Farid, Abid & Saeed, Dr. Muhammad. (2018). Resistance to new insecticides and their synergism in Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) from Pakistan. Crop Protection, 107 79-86.

Location(s) Where Resistance is Reported

# Location

Other Reference

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