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Reported Resistance Case(s)

Species: heliothis virescens

Order Family Common Name(s) Group Host
lepidoptera noctuidae tobacco budworm AG chickpea, corn, cotton, tobacco

Active Ingredient: Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki

MOA: Microbial disruptors of insect midgut membranes (includes transgenic crops), Bacillus thuringiensis var.inhibitors kurstaki
Group: BAC CAS #: 0 Shaugnessy Code: 6402

Resistance Case(s)

Case Id Year of Report Type of Resistance Location Reference
G5079 1989 Field Evolved Resistance
USA Stone, T.B., S.R. Sims, and P.G. Marrone. (1989). Selection of tobacco budworm for resistance to a genetically engineered Pseudomonas fluorescens containing the delta-endotoxin of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 53 228-234.
*The population was created solely by selection and/or genetic manipulation.
**The population was selected further in the laboratory after collection.