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bemisia tabaci

Profile

Order Family Common Name(s) Group Host
homoptera aleyrodidae sweetpotato whitefly AG cotton

Shown Resistance to Active Ingredient(s)

  1. abamectin
  2. acephate (#3)
  3. acetamiprid (#35)
  4. acetamiprid + DEF
  5. BHC/cyclodienes - Unspecified In Literature
  6. bifenthrin (#16)
  7. buprofezin (#15)
  8. butocarboxim (#5)
  9. carbofuran
  10. carbosulfan (#2)
  11. chlorfenapyr (#5)
  12. chlorfenvinphos (#2)
  13. chlorpyrifos (#4)
  14. Cycloxaprid (#6)
  15. cyhalothrin
  16. cypermethrin (#26)
  17. cypermethrin-alpha (#36)
  18. cypermethrin-beta (#2)
  19. cyphenothrin
  20. DDT (#4)
  21. deltamethrin (#5)
  22. diafenthiuron (#4)
  23. dicrotophos
  24. dimethoate (#4)
  25. dinotefuran
  26. emamectin benzoate (#4)
  27. endosulfan (#21)
  28. ethion (#5)
  29. etofenprox (#2)
  30. fenpropathrin (#7)
  31. fenvalerate (#2)
  32. fipronil (#4)
  33. flupyradifurone (#2)
  34. formothion (#4)
  35. imidacloprid (#128)
  36. imidacloprid + DEF (#2)
  37. isazofos
  38. malathion (#2)
  39. methamidophos (#18)
  40. methidathion (#2)
  41. methomyl (#22)
  42. monocrotophos (#11)
  43. nitenpyram (#7)
  44. nitenpyram + DEF
  45. parathion (#2)
  46. parathion-methyl (#9)
  47. permethrin (#4)
  48. phosfolan
  49. pirimiphos-methyl (#4)
  50. profenofos (#12)
  51. pymetrozine (#12)
  52. pyridaben (#4)
  53. pyriproxyfen (#46)
  54. quinalphos
  55. Spinetoram
  56. spiromesifen (#10)
  57. spirotetramat (#5)
  58. sulprofos (#3)
  59. thiacloprid (#4)
  60. thiacloprid + DEF
  61. thiamethoxam (#69)
  62. thiamethoxam + DEF
  63. thiodicarb (#11)
  64. triazophos (#10)

Citation(s) of Resistance

# Citation
1 Cahill, M., K. Gorman, S. Day, and I. Denholm. (1996). Baseline determination and detection of resistance to imidacloprid in bemisia tabaci (homoptera: aleyrodidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 86 343-349.
2 Cahill, M., I. Denholm, G. Ross, K. Gorman, and D. Johnston. (1996). Relationship between bioassay data and the simulated field performance of insecticides against susceptible and resistant adult Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 86 109-116.
3 Horowitz, A.R., and I. Ishaaya. (1994). Managing Resistance to Insect Growth Regulators in the Sweetpotato Whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 87(4) 866-871.
4 Bloch, G., and D. Wool. (1994). Methidathion resistance in the Sweetpotato Whitefly (Aleyrodidae: Homoptera) in Israel: Selection, Heritability, and Correlated Changes of Esterase Activity. Journal of Economic Entomology, 87(5) 1147-1156.
5 Grafton-Cardwell, E.E., Y. Ouyang, and J. Salse. (1998). Insecticide Resistance and Esterase Enzyme Variation in the California Red Scale (Homoptera: Diaspididae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 91(4) 812-819.
6 Omer, A.D., B.E. Tabashnik, M.W. Johnson, H.S. Costa, and D.E. Ullman. (1993). Genetic and Environmental Influences on Susceptibility to Acephate in Sweetpotato Whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 86(3) 652-659.
7 Moore, A., B.E. Tabashnik, and J.D. Stark. (1989). Leg Autotomy: A Novel Mechanism of Protection against Insecticide Poisoning in Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera:Plutellidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 82(5) 1295-1298.
8 Dittrich, V., G.H. Ernst, O. Ruesch, and S. Uk. (1990). Resistance Mechanisms in Sweetpotato Whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) Populations from Sudan, Turkey, Guatemala, and Nicaragua.. Journal of Economic Entomology, 83(5) 1665-1670.
9 Horowitz, A.R., N.C. Toscano, R.R. Youngman, and G.P. Georghiou. (1988). Synergism of Insecticides with DEF in Sweetpotato Whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 81 110-114.
10 Omer, A.D., M.W. Johnson, B.E. Tabashnik, H.S. Costa, and D.E. Ullman. (1993). Sweetpotato whitefly resistance to insecticides in Hawaii: intra-island varation is related to insecticide use. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 67 173-182.
11 Byrne, F. J., Castle, S., Prabhaker, N., and Toscano, N.C. (2003). Biochemical study of resistance to imidalcoprid in B biotype Bemisia tabaci from Guatemala. Pest Management Science, 59 347-352.
12 Nauen, R., N. Stump, and A. Elbert. (2002). Toxicological and mechanistic studies on neonicotinoid cross resistance in Q-type Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Pest Management Science, 58 868-875.
13 Elbert, N., and R. Nauen. (2000). Resistance of Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) to insecticides in southern Spain with special reference to neonicotinoids. Pest Management Science, 56 60-64.
14 Kranthi, K.R., D.R. Jadhav, S. Kranthi, R.R. Wanjari, S.S. Ali, and D.A. Russell. (2002). Insecticide resistance in five major insect pests of cotton in India.. Crop Protection, 21 449-460.
15 Ishaaya, I., S. Kontsadalov, and A.R. Horowitz. (2003). Novaluron (Rimon), a Novvel IGR: Potency and Cross-Resistance.. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology, 54 157-164.
16 Horowitz, A.R., S. Kontsedalov, and I. Ishaaya. (2004). Dynamics of Resistance to the Neonicotinoids Acetamiprid and Thiamethoxam in Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 97(6) 2051-2056.
17 Cardona, C., F. Rendon, J. Garcia, A. Lopez-Avila, J.M. Bueno, and J.D. Ramirez. (2001). Resistencia a insecticidas en Bemisia tabaci y Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) en Colombia y Ecuador. Revista Colombiana de Entomologia, Vol. 27(1-2): 33-38 Vol. 27(1-2): 33-38.
18 Perez, C.J., P. Alvarado, C. Narvaez, F. Miranda, L. Hernandez, H. Vanegas, A. Hruska, and A.M. Shelton. (2000). Assessment of Insecticide Resistance in Five Insect Pests Attacking Field and Vegetable Crops in Nicaragua. Journal of Economic Entomolgy, 93(6) 1779-1787.
19 Kranthi, K.R., Jadhav, D.R., Wanjari, R.R., Ali, S.S., Russell, D. (2001). Carbamate and organophosphate resistance in cotton pests in India, 1995 to 1999.. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 91 37-46.
20 Roditakis, E., Roditakis, N.E., Tsagkarakou, A. (2005). Insecticide resistance in Bemisisa tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) populations from Crete. Pest Management Science, 61 577-582.
21 Horowitz, A.R., Kontsedalov, S., Khasdan, V., Ishaaya, I. (2005). Biotypes B and Q of Bemisia tabaci and Their Relevance to Neonicotinoid and Pyriproxyfen Resistance. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology, 58 216-225.
22 Alon, M., Benting, J., Lueke, B., Ponge, T., Alon, F., Morin, S. (2006). Multiple origins of pyrethroid resistance in sympatric biotypes of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 36 71-79.
23 Ahmed, A. H. M., Elhad, E. A. and Bashir, N. H. H. (1987). Insecticide resistance in the cotton whitefly (Bemisia tabaci Genn.).. Trop. Pest. Management., 33 67-72.
24 Dittrich, V. and Ernst, G.H. (1982). Personal communication.
25 Dittrich, V. and Ernst, G. H. (1983). The resistance pattern in whiteflies of sudanese cotton.. Mitteilungen der deutschen Gesellschaft fuer allgemeine und angewandte Entomologie., 4 96-97.
26 Dittrich, V., Hassan, O, and Enrst, G. H. (1985). Sudanese cotton and the white fly: a case study of the emergence of a new primary pest.. Crop. Prot., 4 161-76.
27 Dittrich, V., Uk, S. and Ernst, G.H. (1988). Personal communication.
28 Immaraju, J. A. (1985). Insecticide resistance studies in the sweet potato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci Gennadius in the Imperial Valley, California.. M. S. thesis, Univ. of Calif., Riverside, 103 pp..
29 Perry. (1985).
30 Prabhaker, N., Coudriet, D. L. and Meyerdirk, D. E. (1985). Insecticide resistance in the sweet potato whitefly, Bemisa tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae).. J. Econ. Entomol., 78 748-52.
31 Prabhaker, N., Coudriet, D. L. and Toscano, N. C. (1988). Effect of synergists on organophosphate and permethrin resistance on sweet potato whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae).. J. Econ. Entomol., 81 34-39.
32 Wangboonkong, S. (1981). Chemical control of cotton insecticides in Thailand.. Tropical Pest Management, 27 495-500.
33 Dittrich 1985. (1985).
34 Roditakis, Emmanouil, Tsagkarakou, Anastasia, Vontas, John. (2006). Identification of mutations in the para sodium channel of Bemisia tabaci from Crete, associated with resistance to pyrethroids. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 85, 85 161-166.
35 Roditakis, E., Grispou, M., Morou, E., Kristoffersen, J. B., Roditakis, N., Nauen, R., Vontas, R., Vontas, J., and Tsagkarakou, A. (2009). Current status of insecticide resistance in Q biotype Bemisia tabaci populations from Crete. Pest Management Science, 65 313-322.
36 Crowder, D., Ellers-Kirk, C., Yafuso, C., Dennehy, T., Degain, B., Harpold, V., Tabashnik, B., and Carriere, Y. (2008). Inheritance of Resistance to Pyriproxyfen in Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) Males and Femails (B Biotype). Insecticide Resistance and Resistance Management, 101 927-931.
37 Crowder, D., Ellers-Kirk, C., Tabashnik, B. E., and Carriere, Y. (2009). Lack of fitness costs associated with pyriproxyfen resistance in the B biotype of Bemisia tabaci. Pest Management Science, 65 235-240.
38 Nauen, R., Bielza, P., Denholm, I., and Gorman, K. (2008). Age-specific expression of resistance to a neonicotinoid insecticide in the whitefly Bemisia tabaci. Pest Management Science, 64 1106-1110.
39 Erdogan, C., Moores, G.D., Gurkan, M.O., Gorman, K.J., Denholm, I. (2008). Insecticide resistance and biotype status of populations of the tobacco whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) from Turkey. Crop Protection, 27 600-605.
40 Qiu, B., Liu, L., Mathur, V., Qin, Z., Ren, S. (2009). Genetic mutations associated with chemical resistance in the cytochrome P450 genes of invasive and native Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) populations in China. Insect Science, 1 237-245.
41 Feng, Y., Wu, Q., Wang, S., Chang, X., Xie, W., Xu, B., Zhang, Y. (2010). Cross-resistance study and biochemical mechanisms of thiamethoxam resistance in B-biotype Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Pest Management Science, 66 313-318.
42 Schuster, D.J., Mann, R.S., Toapanta, M., Cordero, R., Thompson, S., Cyman, S., Shurtleff, A., Morris, R.F. II. (2010). Monitoring neonicotinoid resistance in biotype B of Bemisia tabaci in Florida. Pest Management Science, 66 186-195.
43 Luo, C., Jones, C.M., Devine, G., Zhang,. (2010). Crop Protection, 29 429-434.
44 Wang, Z., Yan, H., Yang, Y., Wu, Y. (2010). Biotype and insecticide resistance status of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci from China. Pest Management Science.
45 Luo, C. Jones, C.M., Devine, G., Zhang, F., Denholm, I., and Gorman, K. (2010). Insecticide resistance in Bemisia tabaci biotype Q (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) from China. Crop Protection, 29 429-434.
46 Ahmad, M., Arif, M., Naveed M. (2010). Dynamics of Resistance to organophosphate and carbamate insecticides in the cotton whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) from Pakistan . journal of pesticide science , 83 409-420.
47 Houndete, T., Ketoh, G., Hema, O., Brevault, T., Glitho, I., Martin, T. (2010). Insecticide reistance in field populations of Bemisia tabaci in West Africa . Pest Management Science , 66 1181-1185.
48 Yuan, L., Wang, S., Zhou, J., Du, Y., Zhang, Y., and Wang, J. (2012). Status of insecticide resistance and associated mutations in Q-biotype of whitefly, Bemisia tabaci, from eastern China. Crop Proctection, 31 67-71.
49 Qiong, R., Yong-hua, X., Chen, L., Hong-yu, Z., Jones, C., Devine, G., Gorman, K., and Denholm, I. (2012). Characterisation of Neonicotinoid and Pymetrozine Resistance in Strains of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) from China . Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 11 321-326.
50 Basit, M., Sayyed, A., Saleem, M., Saeed, S. (2011). Cross-resistance, inheritance and stability of resistance to acetamiprid in cotton whitefly, Bemisia tabaci Genn (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) . Crop Protection , 30 705-712.
51 Houndete, T. A., Ketoh, G., Hema, O. SA., Brevault, T., Glitho, I., and Martin, T. (2010). Insecticide resistance in field populations of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in West Africa. Pest Management Science , 66 1181-1185.
52 Feng, Y., Wu, Q., Wang, S., Chang, X., Xie, W., Xu, B., and Zhang, Y. (2010). Cross resistance study and biochemical mechanisms of thiamethoxam resistance in B-biotype Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera:Aleyrodidae). Pest Management Science, 66 313-318.
53 Gorman, K., Slater, R., Blande, J. D., Clarke, A., Wren, J., McCaffery, A., Denholm, I. (2010). Cross-resistance relationships between neonicotinoids and pymetrozine in Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Pest Management Science, 66 1186-1190.
54 Ma, W., Li, X., Dennehy, T., Lei, C., Wang, M., Degain, B., and Nichols, R. (2010). Pyriproxyfen Resistance of Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) Biotype B: Metabolic Mechanism. Journal of Economic Entomology, 103 158-165.
55 Basit, M., Saeed, S., Saleem, M. A., and Sayyed, A. H. (2013). Can resistance in Bemesia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) be overcome with mixtures of neonicotinoids and insect growth regulators?. Crop Protection, 44 135-141.
56 Basit, M., Saeed, S., Saleem, M. A., Denholm, I., and Shah, M. (2013). Detection of resistance, cross-resistance, and stability of resistance to new chemistry insecticides in Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Entomological Society of America, 106 1414-1422.
57 Gnankiné, O., Mouton, L., Savadogo, A., Martin, T., Sanon, A., Dabire, K. R., Vavre, F., and Fleury, F. (2013). Biotype status and resistance to neonicotinoids and carbosulfan in Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Burkina Faso, West Africa. International Journal of Pest Management, 59:2 95-102.
58 Longhurst, C., Babcock, J., Denholm, I., Gorman, K., Thomas, J., and Sparks, T. (2013). Cross-resistance relationships of the sulfoximine insecticide sulfoxaflor with neonicotinoids and other insecticides in the whiteflies Bemisia tabaci and Trialeurodes vaporariorum. Pest Management Science, 69 809-813.
59 Smith, H. A., and Nagle, C. A. (2014). Susceptibility of Bemisia tabaci to Group 4 Insecticides. The Florida Tomato Proceedings 27-28.
60 Nauen, R., Jeschke, P., Velten, R., Beck, M. E., Ebbinghaus-Kintscher, U., Thielert, W., Wolfel, K., Haas, M., Kunz, K., and Raupach, G. (2014). Flupyradifurone: a brief profile of a new butenolide insecticide. Pest Management Science.
61 Shadmany, M., Omar, D., and Muhamad, R. (2015). Biotype and insecticide resistance status of Bemisia tabaci populations from Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Applied Entomology, 139 67-75.
62 Farghaley, S., Hamama, H., and Dawood, A. (2014). Role of Cytochrome P450 gene in insecticide susceptibility of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera, Aleyrodidae) in Egyptian governorates. International Journal of Biological Sciences and Applications, 1 (3) 62 - 71.
63 Basij, M., Talebi, K., Ghadamyari, M., Hosseininaveh, V and Salami, S.A. (2016). Status of Resistance of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) to Neonicotinoids in Iran and Detoxification by Cytochrome P450-Dependent Monooxygenases. Neotropical Entomology.
64 Ahmad, M., and  Akhtar, K. P. (2018). Susceptibility of cotton whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) to diverse pesticides in Pakistan. Journal of Economic Entomology, doi: 10.1093/jee/toy112 1-8.
65 Wang, Ran & Fang, Yong & Mu, Changqing & Qu, Cheng & li, Fengqi & Wang, Zhenyu & Luo, Chen. (2018). Baseline susceptibility and cross-resistance of cycloxaprid, a novel cis-nitromethylene neonicotinoid insecticide, in Bemisia tabaci MED from China.. Crop Protection, 110 283-287.
66 Wang, Ran & Fang, Yong & Mu, Changqing & Qu, Cheng & li, Fengqi & Wang, Zhenyu & Luo, Chen. (2018). Baseline susceptibility and cross-resistance of cycloxaprid, a novel cis-nitromethylene neonicotinoid insecticide, in Bemisia tabaci MED from China.. Crop Protection, 110 283-287.
67 Bielza, P., Moreno, I., Belando, A., Grávalos, C., Izquierdo, J., and Nauen, R. (2019). Spiromesifen and spirotetramat resistance in field populations of Bemisia tabaci Gennadius in Spain. Pest Managment Science, 75 45-52.

Location(s) Where Resistance is Reported

# Location

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