Skip to main content

Reported Resistance Case(s)

Species: heliothis virescens

Order Family Common Name(s) Group Host
lepidoptera noctuidae tobacco budworm AG chickpea, corn, cotton, tobacco

Active Ingredient: toxaphene

MOA: GABA-gated chloride channel antagonists, Cyclodiene organochlorines
Group: CYCLO CAS #: 8001-35-2 Shaugnessy Code: 80501

Resistance Case(s)

Case Id Year of Report Type of Resistance Location Reference
G2626 1974 Field Evolved Resistance
Ware 1974. (1974).
G2047 1972 Field Evolved Resistance
Harris, F. A. (1972). Resistance to methyl parathion and toxaphene-DDT in bollworm and tobacco budworm from cotton in Mississippi.. J. Econ. Entomol., 65 1193-94.
G957 1965 Field Evolved Resistance
Colombia Rodrigo Adarve, R. (1965). In: FAO 1967.
G958 1965 Field Evolved Resistance
Peru Simon, J.E. (1965). In: FAO 1967.
G516 1964 Field Evolved Resistance
Graves, J. B., Clower, D. F., Bagent, J. L. and Bradley, J. R. (1964). Bollworms increasing in resistance to insecticides.. La. Agric., 7 3.
G310 1961 Field Evolved Resistance
Mexico Von Eickstedt 1961. (1961).
*The population was created solely by selection and/or genetic manipulation.
**The population was selected further in the laboratory after collection.